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General medicine

Vaccination With MMR Does Not Increase Autism Risk

Vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) does not increase the risk for autism or trigger autism in susceptible children, according to a new cohort study published in the March 5 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. “Our study is by far the largest single study to date and adds significantly to our knowledge on the issue, in that it allows…

skin diseses

Skin Diseases May Be More Prevalent Than Previously Thought

Dermatologic diseases are the fourth most common cause of all human illnesses, with approximately one‐third of the world’s population being affected by at least one skin condition. There are more than 3000 skin diseases that vary in severity and symptoms, from self‐limiting infections and benign tumours, to chronic inflammatory diseases and malignant neoplasms that cause…

Infant mortality rate

Reduced Geographical Inequalities In Infant Mortality

The infant mortality rate (IMR); defined as the number of deaths under the age of 1 per 1000 live births; can as a key indicator of the environment in which babies are born; more broadly, can serve as a proxy for the health of a population. After years of steady improvement; the English IMR has…

Radiotherapy

Solving The 'Catch-22' Of Rectal Cancer

Today’s standard procedure to treat rectal cancer includes radical surgery to remove the tumour along with the rectum and its encasing tissue (called mesorectum). After the surgery, the specimen is analysed in the pathology lab to assess, among other things, whether tumour infiltration has occurred into the lymph nodes of the mesorectum. Finally, clinicians consider…

heart attack

Exosomes Are Key To SOS Signal After Heart Attack

Human cells shed exosomes. These tiny extracellular, membrane-bound vesicles can carry cargo for cell-to-cell communication, ferrying diverse loads of proteins, lipids or nucleic acids. University of Alabama at Birmingham and Chinese researchers now report that exosomes are key to the SOS signal that the heart muscle sends out after a heart attack. After the heart…

Transfusion medicine

Squishing Blood Stem Cells Facilitate Harvest For Transplants

Scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Georgia Tech have found that modulating blood-forming stem cells’ stiffness could possibly facilitate mobilization procedures used for stem cell-based transplants. Temporary squishiness could help drive blood-forming stem cells out of the bone marrow and into the blood, but the cells need to be stiff…

Health in India

Digital Route In India To Improve Patient Health Outcomes

Abbott, the second largest drug maker in India, announced the launch of a new digital platform to improve patient awareness, doctor engagement, and aid adherence with treatment plan to drive better health outcomes. The digital platform called as a:care, enables consumers grant their doctor access to the health information they input. In addition it provides…

Irregular Heart Rhythms

Smartwatch App For Detection Of Irregular Heart Rhythms

Should an abnormal heart rhythm detected by a smartwatch in otherwise healthy young adults be treated? Are the benefits of this new technology worth the risks? Where is the technology headed? Answers to these and other vital questions will be debated during the Meet the Trialist of the Apple Heart Study on Tuesday at EHRA…

Infection

Cervical Microbiome: Promote High-grade Precancerous Lesions

Infections with a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) cause 99 percent of cervical cancer cases, and the disease’s first sign is often the appearance of precancerous lesions on a woman’s cervix. But bacteria may play an important role, too. New research suggests that the cervical microbiome may influence HPV infection more than researchers previously thought. In a…

Trump Budget

U.S. Democrats Blast Safety Net Cuts in Trump Budget as 'Malicious'

Congressional Democrats attacked U.S. social safety net changes proposed by President Donald Trump in his 2020 budget plan, with a senior lawmaker on Tuesday saying Trump’s cutbacks in programs such as Medicaid and food aid were “intended to do harm.” Trump’s budget is widely seen as a dead letter on Capitol Hill, where the Democratic-majority…

Tingle Wearable

Tingle Wearable Device Improves Position Tracking Accuracy

Wearable devices provide a means of tracking hand position in relation to the head, but have mostly relied on wrist-worn inertial measurement unit sensors and proximity sensors, which are inadequate for identifying specific locations. This limits their utility for accurate and precise monitoring of behaviour’s or providing feedback to guide behaviours. A potential clinical application…

General anesthesia

Ultrasound Offers Precise Invasive Way To Measure Cardiac Output

Currently, a practical, precise, minimally invasive way to measure cardiac output or heart function in children undergoing surgery does not exist. New research published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), illustrates how a novel minimally invasive method using catheter-based ultrasound to measure heart function…