All news from Urology

non-metastatic prostate cancer

Survival Of Non-Metastatic Prostate Cancer Patients

Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other areas of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms. In later stages, it can lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine…

kidney transplant

Antiviral Therapy Improves Survival Rates For Kidney Transplant

Prior to the development of antiviral therapy; kidney transplant recipients infected with either hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) experienced poor outcomes. Researchers report favorable 10-year survival rates for patients with HBV and/or HCV treated with antiviral agents and advise that antiviral therapy should systematically offer to all HBV and HCV patients in line…

AIDS

Nearly 4 In 10 US HIV Infections: People Are Unaware

Almost 40 percent of new HIV cases in the US occur because people do not know they are infected, while a similar proportion know but are not in treatment, according to a study. The report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is based on 2016 data and aims to bolster a strategy…

Technology

Nano-bot Can Probe: Inside Human Cells

University of Toronto Engineering researchers have built a set of magnetic ‘tweezers’ that can position a nano-scale bead inside a human cell in three dimensions with unprecedented precision. The nano-bot has already been used to study the properties of cancer cells, and could point the way toward enhanced diagnosis and treatment. Professor Yu Sun and…

Type 2 Diabetes

Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Beneficial For Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes patients’ risk of cardiovascular disease and death decreases if they actually take the cholesterol-lowering drugs as prescribed. However, research shows that the risk is also reduced if they do not take the full dosage. “These results are important and useful for patients and healthcare providers alike; to try and motivate patients to…

Bacteria

Microbes Can Grow On Nitric Oxide

Nitric oxide is a fascinating and versatile molecule; important for all living things as well as our environment. It is highly reactive and toxic; used as a signaling molecule, it depletes the ozone layer in our planet’s atmosphere and it is the precursor of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide. Nitrogen oxides are also pollutants discharged…

Radiation therapy

Cancer Pain Eased By Palliative Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is, along with chemotherapy and surgery, one of the three main components of cancer treatment. It is often misunderstand and carries negative connotations. As radiation oncologists and assistant professors at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the University of British Columbia, we frequently work to dispel patients’ concerns about radiation …

Tropical diseases

Meningitis Changes Immune Cell

Meningitis, a group of serious diseases which infect the brain’s lining, leaves its mark and can affect the body’s ability to fight such infections in the future. According to a new study published in Nature Immunology, infections can have long-lasting effects on a population of meningeal immune cells, replacing them with cells from outside the…

Sports

New Robot-guided Video Game: Solution For Caregivers

Two residents of Elmcroft Senior Living sat side-by-side facing a large screen, raising their hands in tandem as the watch-style devices on their wrists controlled the avatars in front of them. Every so often, a squat little robot off to the side would remind them the object of the game: Get your avatar’s books into…

Diagnosis

Experimental Blood Test: Accurately Spots Fibromyalgia

 For the first time, researchers have evidence that fibromyalgia can be reliably detected in blood samples – work they hope will pave the way for a simple, fast diagnosis. In a study that appears in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, researchers from The Ohio State University report success in identifying biomarkers of fibromyalgia and differentiating…

Immune hematology

Solution Sought to 'Sticky' Staph Situation

“Staphylococcus aureus is tricky in how it evades the immune system. It is a ‘professional pathogen.’ It knows how to cause disease and it does it very well,” said the Microbiology and Immunology professor. “The overwhelming majority of micro-organisms don’t do anything to us; they don’t make us sick because we have good immune systems.…

big data

Big Data: Better Understanding Of Hepatitis E Virus

As far as research is concerned, hepatitis E (HEV) had long led a shadowy existence – even though it is the main cause for acute viral inflammation of the liver. It causes an estimated 70,000 deaths annually. Professor Eike Steinmann and Dr. Daniel Todt use big data in order to gain a better understanding of…