All news from Microbiology

Cholera detection

Sensitivity Of Microbiological Cultures: For Detecting Cholera

Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae. Cholera was prevalent in the U.S. in the 1800s, before modern water and sewage treatment systems eliminated its spread by contaminated water. Only about 10…

Ischemia

RCTs in The Age of SoMe: ISCHEMIA Trial Publishes Baseline Data

Anticipating presentation and publication of the full results sometime later this year, investigators with the International Study of Comparative Health Effectiveness With Medical and Invasive Approaches (ISCHEMIA) trial have published their baseline data and once again stirred discussion about whether the trial will really answer the question it was originally designed to answer. “This is…

US communities reach out to homeless

As Liver Disease Surges: US Communities To Homeless

This industrial city in central Massachusetts has had many nicknames through the years, including “the Heart of the Commonwealth” and “Wormtown.” Among them was this less-known medical moniker: “Hepatitisville.”Worcester has endured several outbreaks of the liver-battering disease, including one that sidelined 90 members of a college football team in 1969. Given its history and its…

Marine Organisms

Marine Organisms Exhibit Some Advantages As Potential Drugs

Over the last 15 years, according to the World Health Organization (WHO); the world’s leading causes of death are ischemic heart disease and stroke, which constitute the number one and two of the top 10 global causes of death and accounted for a combined 15.2 million deaths in 2016 (WHO 2018). To treat ischemic heart…

Haematology

Blood Diseases Cured With Bone Marrow Transplant

Doubling the low amount of total body radiation delivered to patients undergoing bone marrow transplants with donor cells that are only “half-matched” increased the rate of engraftment from only about 50 % to nearly 100 %, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. The findings, published online Mar. 13 in The Lancet Haematology,…

Juvenile arthritis

Treatment Of Children With Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is a disease in which there is inflammation(swelling) of the synovium in children aged 16 or younger. The synovium is the tissue that lines the inside of joints. Juvenile arthritis is an autoimmune disease. That means the immune system, which normally protects the body from foreign substances, attacks the body instead. A team of scientists…

Gastroenterology

Socioeconomic Status Linked To Chances Of Surviving Anal Cancer

If you are from a lower income area, your chances of surviving anal cancer are significantly reduced, according to a new study led by investigators at NYU Langone Health’s Perl mutter Cancer Center, and publishing online March 12, 2018 in Cancer. Among the first of its kind, the study shows that both overall survival and…

Exercise

Light Physical Activity: Lower Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease

Light physical activity such as gardening, strolling through a park, and folding clothes might be enough to significantly lower the risk of cardiovascular disease among women 63 and older, a new study has found. This kind of activity, researchers said, appears to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease events such as stroke or heart failure…

AIDS

Drinking Linked To HIV

Youth living in the slums of Uganda; infected with both HIV and sexually transmitted infections; are more likely to engage in problem drinking, according to a study led by Georgia State University. HIV prevalence among individuals living in Uganda is high, and Uganda is one of the few countries where HIV rates are increasing rather…

Pathology

Stopping Cholera: With Bacteriophages

Cholera strikes almost 3 million people each year worldwide, causing 95,000 deaths. An acute diarrheal infection, it’s prevalent in regions with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation. Now Tufts researchers are developing a treatment to prevent the spread of cholera, using viruses to attack the bacterium that causes the disease. It’s different than current…

Trauma Systems

Current Snapshot And Forward Look At Global Trauma Systems

National trauma systems play a critical role in improving survival and reducing disability from musculoskeletal and other injuries. An update on trauma systems around the world and priorities for developing and standardizing care; in lower- and higher-income countries is presented in a supplement to OTA International, open-access journal of the Orthopedic Trauma Association. The journal…

Radiotherapy

What 5G Means For Our Health

Much to the excitement of Australians, solid plans to roll out fast 5G mobile communication technology were announced in 2018. Behind the scenes, studies modelling the absorption patterns of 5G electromagnetic energy in human tissue authored by Professor Andrew Wood’s Swinburne team has helped form the basis for international discussions on safety regulation and design.…