All news from Thoracic Medicine

Airway

Chip Technology Reveals Difficult For Asthma Patients To Find Relief

The bronchial airways, a network of tubes that delivers air to the lungs; are enwrapped by strings of muscle the airway smooth muscle. Nobody knows what physiological function these muscles serve, but the general consensus is that they are vestigial leftovers from the evolutionary past. That’s why airway smooth muscle is sometimes referred to as…

Radio daignosis

A Peek Into Lymph Nodes

The vast majority of cancer deaths occur due to the spread of cancer from one organ to another, which can happen either through the blood or the lymphatic system. However, it can be tricky to detect this early enough. Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a new method that would allow doctors to detect cancers…

Engaged with music

Music Captivates Listeners And Synchronizes Their Brainwaves

One of the most basic and universal responses a person can have to music is engagement. When listeners are engaged with music, they follow the sounds closely, connecting in an effective; invested way to what they hear. Despite the importance of this engagement; it was difficult to study given the limits of self-report and physiological…

kidney disease

Kidney Disease Epidemic Linked To Occupational Heat Exposure

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney. Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation. Inflammation can diagnosed by blood tests. Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney disease. Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to the nephrotic syndrome and nephrotic…

Electronic devices

Epidemic Of Myopia Among Young People

Ask anyone about the benefits of technology and it probably wont take them long to rhyme off a list of examples; it helps broaden your knowledge; connect with friends, both new and old, and allows you to see things you have never seen before. But what about the drawbacks? Here’s a major one: increased screen…

bacteria

Slowing Down Antibiotic Resistance: Bacteria 'Trap' Help

Scientists have developed a new and faster test for identifying how single bacteria react to antibiotics, which could help in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Knowing how drugs impact single bacteria can help clinicians target the right antibiotics more quickly, reducing the need for prolonged treatment that in the long-term contributes to antibiotic resistance. Effective…

Personal Health

Investigating Data Accessibility Of Personal Health Apps

As technologies that capture, store, and analyse personal health data have proliferated in everyday life researcher see a growing interest from various stakeholders in accessing and leveraging the data. Personal health technology data could be valuable for many stakeholders, including self-trackers who want to learn insights about themselves. Researchers who want to incorporate personal health data…

Virus

Hepatitis B Vaccination: Lowers Disease Incidence Rate

Introducing hepatitis B vaccine in preadolescents meant a decline in the disease incidence rate by 52 percent, according to a study in which the University of Barcelona (UB) took part. The study analysed the efficiency and impact of the vaccination program in Catalonia (Spain) 21 years ago. The results show that after introducing the program,…

Pregnant women

Mothers Can Prevent Fetal Brain Problems

The findings are critical because viruses, such as the flu, in pregnant women; have linked with fetal brain problems and mental illness like Attention Deficit Disorder and Schizophrenia later in life. “Mothers want to give their babies the best possible start in life. Colds and flu are often unavoidable; even if the mother has had…

Machine learning technique

The Biology Of Toxin Exposure: Machine Learning Sheds Light

Exposure to potentially harmful chemicals is a reality of life. Our ancestors, faced with naturally occurring toxins, evolved mechanisms to detoxify and expel damaging substances. In the modern world, our bodies regularly process chemicals; from medicines and food additives to agricultural and industrial chemicals; to protect our tissues from harm. As the organs responsible for…

Osteoarthritis

Assessment Of Molecular Biomarker For Osteoarthritis

For the first time, scientists able to measure a specific molecule indicative of osteoarthritis and a number of other inflammatory diseases using a newly developed technology. This preclinical study used a solid-state nanopore sensor as a tool for the analysis of hyaluronic acid (HA). HA is a naturally occurring molecule that is involved in tissue…

Public health

Awareness Of Alcohol Marketing: Associated With Increased Consumption

Young people’s awareness of alcohol marketing; and their ownership of alcohol-branded merchandise; is associated with increased and higher-risk consumption; a landmark study has found. Published in BMJ Open, the research – led by the University of Stirling and the Cancer Policy Research Centre at Cancer Research UK – revealed that 11 to 19-year-old current drinkers,…