All news from Lab Medicine

Lung imaging

Non-invasive Imaging Technique: Small Airway Disease In Lung

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an inflammatory disease of the small airways in the lungs, affects 16 million Americans and is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Identifying small airway disease in its earliest stages, when it is most treatable, could…

Research in mice

Green Tea Cuts Obesity, Health Risks In Mice

Green tea cut obesity and a number of inflammatory biomarkers linked with poor health in a new study. Mice fed a diet of 2 percent green tea extract fared far better than those that ate a diet without it, a finding that has prompted an upcoming study of green tea’s potential benefits in people at high…

End Of Life

Palliative Care Reduces Antimicrobial Consumption At End Of Life

Early palliative care consultation may reduce antimicrobial consumption in patients at the end of life, according to recently published study findings. “Physicians often choose to continue antibiotics to improve quality of life or reduce symptom burden. However, whether these outcomes are achieving is unclear, with some studies showing no difference,” Jason P. Burnham, MD, instructor in…

Advising parents

Parents To Help Children Deal With Scary Media

Recently a number of school boards and police services issued statements advising parents; of an alleged cyberbullying threat called the Momo challenge. It is unclear how many videos actually exist of the creepy-looking mask apparently telling children to harm themselves, or to what extent they have circulated; among children or elsewhere. The social media While…

Hip replacement

Hip Replacement Patients Can Skip Standard Hip Precautions

Low-risk patients undergoing a total hip replacement with a posterior approach can skip the standard hip precautions; currently recommended for post-surgical recovery; according to a new study conducted at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). Eliminating standard precautions in this population did not increase the risk of hip dislocation; In the last ten years, surgeons have…

Transfusion medicine

Novel System To Measure Platelet Function

Emergency room doctors often have only a few minutes to determine which patients are in need of a blood transfusion. But currently doctors have no direct method to assess the health of one of the most critical component of the blood platelets. These tiny blood cells play a huge role in helping blood clot after…

Mitral Valve

Interventional Treatment Of Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Mitral regurgitation Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a highly prevalent condition among elderly patients, affecting almost 10% of the general population aged 75 and older. From a mechanistic point of view, MR is usually classified into two different categories: primary and secondary MR. The latter condition is further subdivided into ischaemic and non-ischaemic aetiology. Degenerative mitral…

Human spaceflight

Space Medicine In The Era Of Civilian Spaceflight

Since the first human spaceflight by Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin in 1961, more than 560 persons have flown in space. The vast majority of highly trained and rigorously selected astronauts in excellent physical condition and health. Currently, astronauts and other participants in spaceflights to the International Space Station must adhere to medical certification; standards set by…

Maternal and newborn

Reductions In Maternal And Newborn Deaths In Indonesia

Improve the quality of care and referrals during pregnancy and childbirth in Indonesia; resulted in significant reductions in maternal and newborn mortality at participating hospitals, according to a new study; by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) from 2011 to 2017 and supported the Indonesian Ministry of Health’s; efforts to improve the quality of…

Nuclear medicine

CT Scan Prior To Spine Fusion Finds Almost Half Of Patients

For patients contemplating spinal fusion surgery to alleviate pain, bone health is an important consideration. If a patient is find to have low bone density prior to surgery, it could affect the treatment plan before, during and after the procedure. A study at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) in New York City found that a…

Trauma Center

African-Americans Likely To Live In Trauma Deserts

African-Americans in major U.S. cities are significantly more likely to live in “trauma deserts”; but with limited access to advanced emergency medical care, according to new research from the University of Chicago Medicine. The study also shows the academic medical center’s new Level 1 Trauma Center; but led to a seven-fold reduction in Chicago’s access…

Chronic insomnia

The Experience Of Sleeplessness More Visible

Some people with chronic insomnia think that they do not sleep during certain periods; whereas sleep measurements show that they do. Up till now, scientists have not able to pinpoint the exact causes of so-called ‘sleep misperception’. However, new research from Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e); Kempenhaeghe Center for Sleep Medicine, Philips and Maastricht University…