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Family medicine

Democracy Linked To Global Health Gains In Low

Most studies that look at whether democracy improves global health rely on measurements of life expectancy at birth and infant mortality rates. Yet those measures disproportionately reflect progress on infectious diseases such as malaria, diarrheal illnesses and pneumonia which relies heavily on foreign aid. Noncommunicable diseases A new study led by Stanford Medicine and the…

Research in mice

Process For Classifying Neurons In Mouse Brain

It’s been estimated that the human brain contains roughly 100 billion neurons; together completing countless tasks through countless connections. So how do we make sense of the roles each of these neurons play? As part of the United States BRAIN Initiative, scientists from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have outlined a way to classify neurons…

radiation therapy

ASTRO Releases Updated Radiation Oncology Safety Guide

In conjunction with Patient Safety Awareness Week, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published an update today to its framework for safe and effective radiation therapy treatment. Because The comprehensive reference guide, Safety is No Accident: A Framework for Quality Radiation Oncology and Care, is available for download. Essential guidance “Patient safety is a…

Deaths

Air Pollution Causes 800,000 Extra Deaths A Year In Europe

Air pollution could be causing double the number of excess deaths a year in Europe than has been estimated previously, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal today. Using a new method of modelling the effects of various sources of outdoor air pollution on death rates; the researchers found that it caused; an…

Female EM Doctors

Female EM Doctors Less Likely To Hold Rank Of Full Professor

As few as one-third of academic emergency medicine physicians are female; and these physicians face significant disparities in representation and academic rank by gender. That is the conclusion of a study to be published in a March 2019 special issue of Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM) titled: “Influence of Gender on the Profession of Emergency Medicine.” In what is…

Oral Health

Dental Patients Improve Oral Health Behaviors

Brush your teeth twice per day and floss regularly are habits most people know of, but despite the pleas of dentists nationwide; few follow through on this advice. Now, dentists are considering a new approach to improve oral health practices among the public: motivational interviewing. A new $438,000 grant to develop the first online intervention…

Diabetes

How Diabetes Causes Muscle Loss?

Diabetes mellitus is associated with various health problems including decline in skeletal muscle mass. A research group led by Professor Wataru Ogawa at the Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine; revealed that elevation of blood sugar levels leads to muscle atrophy and that two proteins; WWP1 and KLF15, play key roles in this phenomenon. These…

Anesthesiology

FDA Allows Treatment Of Depression With Club Drug's Cousin

A mind-altering medication relate to the club drug Special K won U.S. approval Tuesday for patients with hard-to-treat depression, the first in a series of long-overlook substances being reconsidered for severe forms of mental illness. The nasal spray from Johnson & Johnson is a chemical cousin of ketamine, which has been used for decades as…

Microorganism

Purple Bacteria Can Visualize Tumor Heterogeneity

Cancer presents an ongoing challenge for physicians, particularly in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. This is, amongst other things, due to tumor heterogeneity. A team of scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, the Juelich Research Center, the Technical University of Munich and the Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf has now shown that harmless purple…

Avocados

Seed Extract Shows Promise As Anti-Inflammatory Compound

An extract from the seeds of avocados exhibited anti-inflammatory properties in a laboratory study; it represents a potential source for novel anti-inflammatory compounds that could develop as a functional food ingredient; or pharmaceuticals. The researchers developed the extract over the last decade as a food colorant and it is not known whether the compounds responsible…

Sports accident

Researchers Detail: Head Cause Concussion

Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain’s two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems. The assumption is straightforward – that damage to the corpus callosum could affect coordination between the two halves –…

Geriatrics

Blood Pressure Control In Older Adults

Until recently, physicians had generally assumed that older adults benefit from keeping their blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. However, researchers from Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin have now found that this assumption does not apply to all patients with high blood pressure. The reality is, in fact, quite the opposite. Patient’s comorbidities lower blood pressure is associated…