All news from Orthopaedics

Fracture in children

Predicts The Risk Of Fracture In Children

Femoral stress, a biomechanical assessment derived from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); predicts the risk of fracture in children, according to results from The Generation R study. “Although the use of hip DXA scans in the pediatric population is not to assess bone health; they found in our study that data derived from these scans actually…

Virology

Understanding Of How Some Viruses Multiply

Scientists have shown that different segments of a virus genome can exist in distinct cells; but work together to cause an infection. The findings, published in the open-access journal eLife, upturn a fundamental model in virology that a virus genome enters and replicates within a single cell and then moves on to replicate in another.…

Influenza

Less Common Proteins May Fend Off The Flu

Influenza type B, though generally less widespread than type A, poses a formidable threat for vulnerable populations like the elderly and the young. In the 2012-2013 flu season, for example, influenza type B caused the majority of deaths due to flu among children, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Findings…

general anaesthesia

Doctors Tell If You Wake Up During Surgery

Waking up during surgery it’s terrifying to think about. But it does happen. There is evidence that around 5 % of people may experience so-called anesthesia awareness at some point on the operating table, though not everyone remembers it. Living through such an event can be traumatic and painful. So what can be done to…

Health in Bangladesh

Dhaka's Toxic Air: A Major Public Health Concern

The electronic and press media in Bangladesh has recently highlighted the findings of the 2018 World Air Quality Report published by Greenpeace and AirVisual. As per this report, Bangladesh has the most polluted air in the world, and Dhaka is the second most polluted capital city. An Air Quality Index is a summary scorecard that…

Concussion

Role Of A Deep Brain Structure In Concussion

Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain’s two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems. The assumption is straightforward — that damage to the corpus callosum could affect coordination between the two halves —…

Sight Loss

World's First Gene Therapy Operation For Sight Loss

Researchers in Oxford have carried out the world’s first gene therapy operation to tackle the root cause of age-related macular degeneration (AMD); the UK’s most common cause of sight loss. The procedure was carried out at the John Radcliffe Hospital support of the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre in a clinical trial sponsored by Gyroscope…

Microbiology

Sophistication Of Microbial Warfare

It could be the plot of an espionage-filled, war-time thriller, or the blow-by-blow of sparring judo masters. But instead it’s a true story of molecular warfare between microbes, beginning when a virus latches into a bacterium and injects its DNA, the first step toward infection. Scientists have known for a century that viruses attack and…