All news from Cardiology

Updated Statement On Blood Pressure Measurement In Humans

The accurate measurement of blood pressure is essential for the diagnosis and management of hypertension, a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, according to an updated American Heart Association scientific statement on blood pressure measurement in humans, published in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension. The statement, which updates a previous statement on…

Dehydration Tests

Care Home Dehydration Tests Don't Work

Standard tests used to identify dehydration are not working for older people living in care homes; according to new research from the University of East Anglia. Carers often use simple tests to see if an older person is dehydrated. These include looking at their eyes, skin, or asking if someone feels thirsty, tired or has…

Children With Asthma

Academic Performance Of Urban Children With Asthma

Living in an urban area can negatively affect asthma outcomes particularly for children. A new study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; shows that urban children with poorly controlled asthma; particularly those who are ethnic minorities, also suffer academically. “They found associations between poor asthma status, poorer asthma control, lower lung function, more asthma…

Butterfly Disease

Potential Treatment For Cancer In Butterfly Disease

Children with the severe skin disease, recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), also known as butterfly disease, often develop an aggressive and fatal skin cancer by early adulthood. Now an international team of scientists have identified a potential drug treatment for the lethal complication. The discovery paves the way for a clinical trial set to begin…

Health service in India

India’s Poorest Women Benefit Less From Public Health

Despite a four-fold increase in the number of women and children receiving supplementary nutrition under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme in the 10 years to 2016, a large proportion of the poorest have not benefited, a new study has found. Women who were uneducated or from the poorest households had lower access to…

Lung disease

Using Precision Medicine, Treatment For Specific Lung Disease

The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails. In mammals and most other vertebrates; two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their function in the respiratory system; is to extract oxygen from the atmosphere and…

Hospital Cleaning

Trial of Hospital Cleaning Practices Reduces Infections

The hospital environment is a reservoir for the transmission of microorganisms. The effect of improved cleaning on patient-centred outcomes remains unclear. The researchers aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an environmental cleaning bundle to reduce health care-associated infections in hospitals. A major trial of a bundle of hospital cleaning practices in 11 Australian hospitals has…

blood transfusion

New Method To Assess Platelet Health Could Help ER Doctors

Emergency room doctors often have only a few minutes to determine which patients are in need of a blood transfusion But currently doctors have no direct method to assess the health of one of the most critical component of the blood platelets. These tiny blood cells play a huge role in helping blood clot after an injury.…

Trauma centers

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Access To Trauma Centers

An analysis of census tract data for neighborhoods in America’s three largest cities suggests black-majority neighborhoods; are associated with disparities in access to trauma centers. The study paired census tract data for New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago; with coordinates for trauma centers within a five-mile buffer. Black-majority neighborhoods were more likely than white-majority…

Developmental biology

Secrets Of Early Life: Half A Teaspoon Of Blood

A global team of scientists have mapped the developmental pathway of a newborn’s life for the first time. The research, published in Nature Communications, could transform our understanding of health and disease in babies. Co-led by the MRC Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the new study included lifting the…

The kidneys

Computer Kidney Could Provide Safer New Medications

The kidneys are paired organs, which have the production of urine as their primary function. Kidneys are seen in many types of animals; including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are part of the urinary system but have several secondary functions concerned with homeostatic functions. These include the regulation of electrolytes, acid-base balance; blood pressure. In producing…

FDA

FDA Reports Detail Harm Caused By Scores Of Medical Devices

Dr. Douglas Kwazneski was helping a Pittsburgh surgeon remove an appendix when something jarring happened. The surgical stapler meant to cut and seal the tissue around the appendix locked up. Kwazneski later turned to the Food and Drug Administration’s public database that tracks medical device failures and “there was nothing,” he said. Yet when he surveyed…