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Nuclear medicine

Nuclear Medicine Tracers Make It Easier To Diagnose The cancer

Researchers have identified two new nuclear medicine tracers that make it easier to diagnose and potentially treat cancer. A proof-of-concept investigation, published in the March issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, reports that 68Ga-FAPI positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) provides high-contrast images with quality equal to or better than that of the standard 18F-FDG imaging.…

Research in Bangladesh

Molecular Cancer Diagnosis In Bangladesh

Praava Health, a network of family health centres in Dhaka, has opened molecular cancer diagnostics laboratory in Bangladesh. Praava will soon offer immunohistochemistry services and expanded cancer risk panels to provide more nuanced cancer diagnoses. Data on the cancer burden in Bangladesh are unreliable and sparse. The estimation is that there were more than 100,000…

Family medicine

Healthy Diets May Protect Against Dementia

One study looked at participants following a Mediterranean-style diet,  the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, and A Priori Diet Quality Scores (APDQS) (a food quality score based on the nutritional benefits of particular foods). The study included over 2600 participants, both male and female, aged 25 – 45 years. The diet of each participant…

Air pollution

Air Pollution May Impact Fetal Cardiovascular System

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particles, and biological molecules are into Earth’s atmosphere. It may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause harm to other living organisms; such as animals and food crops and may damage the natural or built environment. Both human activity…

Skin pathogenesis

Seawater Provide New Leads: In Malignant Melanoma

Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas typically occur in the skin, but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye. In women, they most commonly occur on the legs, while in men they are most common on the back. Sometimes they develop from a mole with changes such…

Infant feeding

Link Between Childhood Obesity And Early Infant Feeding

New research from Western Sydney University suggests that infants in South Western Sydney introduced; to formula and solid foods within the first four months could twice as likely to suffer from childhood obesity. The study, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; so tracked the health and weight of 346 infants…

Hematology

Professor Awarded NIH Grant For Thrombosis Research

Wei Li, M.D., Ph.D., an associate professor in the department of biomedical science at the Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine was recently awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further his research on thrombosis. Systemic diseases Thrombosis occurs when blood clots block your blood vessels. It is a…

Transfusion medicine

Older Stored Blood Transfusions And Bacterial Pneumonia

Human blood from donors can be stored for use up to 42 days, and it is a mainstay therapy in transfusion medicine. However, recent studies looking back at patient records have shown that transfusion with older; stored blood is associated with adverse effects. For severely injured patients who have massive bleeding and receive many transfusion…

Pancreatic Ductal AdenocarcinomaPancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Novel Target For Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Super-enhancers (SEs) are unique areas of the genome which drive high-level of transcription; and play a pivotal role in the cell physiology. Previous studies have established several important genes in cancer as SE-driven oncogenes. It is likely that oncogenes may hack the resident tissue regenerative program; and interfere with SE-driven repair networks, leading to the…

General surgery

More Women Are Enteringc plastic surgery Residency Programs

While the proportion of women entering plastic surgery residency programs has increased in recent years, numbers of Black and Hispanic trainees are declining or unchanged, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Student applications “Despite increases in all three…

Sports diet

Mediterranean Diet Can Improve Athletes Performance

Researchers at Saint Louis University have found that eating a Mediterranean diet can improve athletes’ endurance exercise performance after just four days. In a small study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, investigators found that participants ran a 5K six percent faster after eating a Mediterranean diet than after eating a Western…

Tropical

Africa's Tsetse Population: Machine-learning Based Imaging

The tsetse fly has wreaked devastation across large swaths of sub-Saharan Africa. About the size of a housefly, the insect transmits a parasite that can be lethal to both humans (sleeping sickness) and animals (nagana) – especially cattle. In many countries of the sub-Sahara, there are large regions where farmers cannot raise cattle; most eventually…