All news from Science and Technology

Glucose Levels

Tiny Implantable 'Tea Bag' Senses Glucose Levels

Children with Type 1 diabetes have only one option to control their blood sugar: insulin treatment. Ravaged by an autoimmune disease that attacks their own pancreas and islets; microscopic clusters of cells that sense blood sugar and produce insulin — patients are forced to rely on insulin from an external source. But for the 200,000…

Paget Disease

Fluorouracil And Calcipotriene Helpful In Extramammary Paget Disease

In patients who fail other therapies for extra-mammary Paget disease (EMPD), palliative therapy with topical fluorouracil and calcipotriene may be an option, a small case series suggests. “EMPD occurs most frequently in the groin and genital area, and treatment is associated with a significant amount; of morbidity and high recurrence rates,” Dr. Peggy Wu of…

Cardiac disease in women

Link Between OSA And Cardiovascular Diseases In Women

In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; (Special Issue on Women’s Cardiovascular Health, Volume 3, Number 4, 2019, Guest Editor Gladys P. Velarde) pp. 421-434(14); DOI https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0064, Nimeh Najjar, MD, Peter Staiano, MD and Mariam Louis, MD from the University of Florida, Department of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USA consider obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease…

TBI in children

New Treatment Guidelines for TBI In Children

Each year in the United States, more than 600,000 children are seen in emergency rooms due to traumatic brain injury, a disruption to the normal function of the brain caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Severe TBI results in approximately 7,000 childhood deaths annually; while survivors of the condition may suffer…

Virology

Viruses Avoid Immune System, Study Shows

Pilar Domingo, Ernesto Segredo, María Durán and Rafael Sanjuán; from the Institute of Integrated Systems Biology (I²SysBio); a mixed center of the University of Valencia and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC); have shown that viruses behave altruistically to avoid the immune system. This research; published in Nature Microbiology and carried out in the vesicular…

General medicine

The Abortion Pill' Bounced Back In Texas After FDA Label Change

A new Texas Policy Evaluation Project  study shows that use of medication abortion, also known as “the abortion pill,” bounced back in Texas after a March 2016 label change by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The label change impacted the use of mifepristone, one of the two medications used for medication abortion, and…

Anesthesiology

Inflammation In The Brain Increases Side-Effects Of Hypnotic Drugs

Benzodiazepines  are drugs commonly prescribed for anxiety, insomnia and seizures. However, in post-surgical patients taking BZDs, undue side-effects such as excessive sleepiness, weakness and delirium have often been observed. Associate Professor Yoshihisa Kitamura and Professor Toshiaki Sendo from Okayama University and colleagues have recently shown that inflammation, which is a normal after-effect of surgery, might…

Medical genetics

New Gene Regions Associated With Sleep Duration Identified

A study led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of Exeter Medical School has identified 76 new gene regions associated with sleep duration. The study by a team that recently reported finding gene sites associated with insomnia risk and chronotype – the tendency to be an early riser or a ‘night owl’ …

Halitosis

Western, Tips To Prevent Bad Breath

Bad breath, medically called halitosis, can result from poor dental health habits and may a sign of other health problems. Bad breath can also be made worse by the types of foods you eat and other unhealthy lifestyle habits. Basically, all the food eaten begins to be broken down in your mouth.  If you eat…

Rheumatoid arthritis

Smoking Is An Important Risk Factor For Rheumatoid Arthritis

Smoking is an important risk factor for developing the most common form of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); other inflammatory diseases, but a critical question remains: Can those who quit smoking delay or prevent RA; or have they permanently and irrevocably altered their risk of the disease? A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital…

Lung Cancer Prediction Model

Developing Advanced Lung Cancer Prediction Model

A Brock University epidemiologist has produced a more powerful version; of a tool used to predict a person’s likelihood of developing lung cancer. Professor of Health Sciences Martin Tammemägi designed the original lung cancer screening model dubbed PLCOm2012 in 2013. It was able to make predictions on calculations of a wide range of data such…

An animal model

Mouse Model Validates Acne

Researchers have long believed that Propionibacterium acnes causes acne. But these bacteria are plentiful on everyone’s skin and yet not everyone gets acne, or experiences it to the same degree. Genetic sequencing recently revealed that not all P. acnes are the same — there are different strains, some of which are abundant in acne lesions and some that…