All news from Lab Medicine

Autism

Autism: Brain Activity As A Biomarker

Researchers from Jülich, Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, and the UK have discovered specific activity patterns in the brains of people with autism. These consistent patterns of functional connectivity might be used in the long term as therapeutic biomarkers. The idea behind this is that in future, doctors would be able to investigate whether certain treatments…

Fibrotic disorders

Therapeutic Strategies For Fibrotic Disorders

Fibrosis is the formation of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ or tissue in a reparative or reactive process. This can be a reactive, benign, or pathological state. In response to injury, this is scarring, and if fibrosis arises from a single cell line, this is a fibroma. Physiologically, fibrosis acts to deposit connective…

Fighting Infection

'Iron Man' of Immune Cells: Helps T Cells Fight Infection

The immune system’s killer T cells are crucial in fighting viral infections. A fraction of them, called ‘memory cells’; live on once infection is controlled in order to fight re-infection by the same virus. They are of great interest as the basis of T cell-based vaccination and immunotherapies. Now, a study by Monash Biomedicine Discovery…

Fractures

Bone Fractures Increasing: Seniors Walk Dogs To Stay Active

While walking a dog provides older Americans with a valuable outlet for regular, physical activity; a Penn Medicine study has shown that fractures related to these walks have more than doubled between 2004 and 2017 in patients 65 and older. In this population; 78 percent of the fractures occurred in women; with hip and upper…

Ischemia

New Findings Help Develop New Drugs For Ischemia

Russian scientists investigated the role of opioid receptors in protecting the heart from coronary disease; the lack of its blood supply. These receptors are mainly responsible for pain regulation. It turned out that they significantly affect the mechanism of cardioprotection. The results of the work can help to develop new drugs for ischemia. The study…

Surgical Education

Elements of Gameplay: New Tools In Surgical Education

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have published a study in the peer-reviewed medical journal Laryngoscope exploring the merits of integrating gamification into the graduate medical education curriculum. “With gamification, we take aspects of gaming and put it in a learning software”; said senior author Do-Yeon Cho, M.D., director of Otolaryngology Research in UAB…

Anesthesiology

Hypnosis Cuts Post-Op Pain, Anxiety In Kids

Virtual reality hypnosis (VRH) can reduce the need for postoperative opioids and anti-anxiety medications and lead to improved outcomes in children, new research suggests. A team of anesthesiologists at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Hopitaux Universitaires Strasbourg in France studied 21 children undergoing surgery for scoliosis, comparing 10 who received VRH in…

General medicine

Daily Strain Are Causing 'Professional Loneliness' In Health Care

Rushed clinical visits and an increased reliance on technology in medicine that replaces in-person communication between doctor and patient have led to “a kind of professional loneliness” and “a crisis in job satisfaction” among physicians, writes Richard Wenzel, M.D., in the current issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Wenzel’s essay, “RVU Medicine, Technology, and…

Outbreak

Ebola Death Toll Passes 500: Health Ministry

Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola; is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebola viruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Vomiting, diarrhea and…

Heart attack

ECG Rhythm And Airway Management During Heart Attack

In cardiac arrest, the speed and type of treatment can literally mean life or death in the immediate term; but can also affect health outcomes after successful resuscitation. During out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), effective treatment starts with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and; if necessary, electric shock by a defibrillator. In performing the process, emergency medical service…

Delivery

Life-Threatening Birth Complication Rate Increasing Across US

Childbirth, also as labor and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman’s uterus by vaginal passage or Caesarean section. In 2015, there were about 135 million births globally. About 15 million were born before 37 weeks of gestation; while between 3 and 12% were born after 42 weeks. In the developed world most deliveries…

Nuclear medicine

Diagnostic Efficacy And Safety Of Gadoxetate Disodium VS Gadobenate

The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy and safety of gadoxetate disodium vs gadobenate dimeglumine in patients with known or suspected focal liver lesions. This was a prospective, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, inter-individual Phase III study. The primary target technical efficacy is already publish. Here, secondary efficacy parameters sensitivity and specificity and…