All news from Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

No learning

Training Beyond Exhaustion: Prevent Learning

Researchers have found that muscle fatigue caused by overexertion; when practicing a skill can affect the task in hand and impair learning afterwards. The findings; published in the open-access journal eLife; suggest that the common practice of training beyond fatigue should have reconsideration as it could do more harm than good. The saying goes that…

Sleep loss

Longer Shifts Do Not Create Chronic Sleep Loss

When medical residents were permitted to work shifts longer than 16 hours; patient mortality was not affected and the doctors themselves did not experience chronic sleep loss; according to a pair of papers published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study that resulted in the papers follows a 2011 change imposed by…

COPD Flare-Ups

Aspirin Might Ease COPD Flare-Ups

Many Americans take a daily low-dose aspirin to protect their hearts. Now it appears aspirin may also reduce flare-ups of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In a study of COPD sufferers; researchers found that aspirin linked to fewer moderate exacerbations; but not severe bouts; of the lung disease. It also reduced moderate and severe episodes…

Chronic kidney disease

Cause Of Vascular Disease In Kidney Failure

By loading a chelation drug into a nano-sized homing device; which kills more people in the United States each year than breast or prostate cancer. When kidneys stop working properly; calcium builds up in artery tissue, leading to heart disease. Although nearly half a million Americans receive kidney dialysis; heart disease is the leading cause…

Microbes

Fluconazole: Fungi Sexually Active

The yeast Candida albicans occurs in most healthy people as a harmless colonizer in the digestive tract. However, it can also cause life-threatening infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. These infections are usually treated with the drug fluconazole, which inhibits the synthesis of ergosterol in Candida. Ergosterol fulfils similar important functions in fungi as cholesterol in humans.…

Geriatrics

Medical Marijuana Help Grandma And Grandpa With Their Ailments

Medical marijuana may bring relief to older people who have symptoms like pain, sleep disorders or anxiety due to chronic conditions including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, neuropathy, spinal cord damage and multiple sclerosis, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting in…

Astronaut

ISRO With Indian Air Force To Select And Train 10 Astronauts

An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person train by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot; or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. Although generally reserved for professional space travelers; the terms sometimes apply to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists; tourists. Until 2002, astronauts sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by…

Health policy in India

Home Healthcare Innovations Solution To India’s Healthcare Burden?

Increasing number of healthcare professional as well as healthcare infrastructure is a long term and high investment proposition. Despite many advancements in the past decade, healthcare is still a huge concern for India. India has approximately 1 million allopathic doctors for a population of 1.3 billion. Further challenges of acute shortage of healthcare infrastructure as…

Research in mice

Fasting-mimicking Diet: Treating Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What if a special diet could reduce inflammation and repair your gut? USC researchers provided evidence that a low-calorie “fasting-mimicking” diet has the potential to do just that. Published in Cell Reports, the study reports on the health benefits of periodic cycles of the diet for people with inflammation and indicated that the diet reversed…

antibiotics

Develop Biophotonic System To Detect Antibiotic Allergies

The detection of allergies to antibiotics is currently with a series of in vivo skin tests; they are invasive, and as such, entail inconveniences. Although in vitro methods do exist; they are not sufficiently sensitive and can lead to an inaccurate diagnosis. Furthermore, only a small number of allergens are analyzed; tests are slow and…

Developmental biology

Copious Amounts Of Adult Stem Cells: Endothelial Cells Produce

Promises broad clinical benefits, from bone marrow transplantation to therapies for heart, brain, skin and lungs. In a leap toward making stem cell therapy widely available, researchers at the Ansary Stem Cell Institute at Weill Cornell Medical College have discovered that endothelial cells, the most basic building blocks of the vascular system, produce growth factors…

Potential drug compounds

3D Protein Structure: New Mechanism For Anti-cancer Drugs

A research team at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) has discovered; a new mechanism; for a class of anti-cancer drugs known as E1 inhibitors. Their findings, published in Nature Communications, reveal a novel binding site that will promote drug design of more efficient E1 inhibitors. Solving 3D structures of proteins In the article,…