All news from Ophthalmology

Corneal Dystrophy

Improve Diagnostics And Treatment For Corneal Dystrophy

Corneal dystrophy is a group of rare hereditary disorders characterized by bilateral abnormal deposition of substances; in the transparent front part of the eye called the Corneal dystrophy; may not significantly affect vision in the early stages. However, it does require proper evaluation and treatment for restoration of optimal vision. Corneal dystrophies usually manifest themselves…

Cardiovascular Disease

PTSD And The Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease In Veterans

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by itself does not explain the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in veterans with this condition. A combination of physical disorders, psychiatric disorders and smoking, that are more common in patients with PTSD, may explain the association, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal…

Outbreak

In Africa: Earlier Emergence of Malaria

Malaria, which claims hundreds of thousands of lives each year; mainly children and especially in Africa; is one of the leading causes of death by an infectious agent; the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. In research on malaria; the genetic mutation that causes sickle cell anemia (also known as drepanocytosis); a chronic disease that is often fatal…

Insulin Pump

New Interoperable Insulin Pump For Diabetes Patients

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today permitted marketing of the Tandem Diabetes Care t:Slim X2 insulin pump; with interoperable technology (interoperable t:Slim X2) for delivering insulin under the skin for children; and adults with diabetes. This new type of insulin pump, referred to as an alternate controller enabled (ACE) infusion pump, or ACE insulin…

Blood cancer

An Aggressive Leukemia: An Atlas of It

A team of researchers led by Bradley Bernstein at the Ludwig Center at Harvard has used single-cell technologies; and machine learning to create a detailed “atlas of cell states” for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); that could help improve treatment of the aggressive cancer. AML is characterized by the accumulation of white blood cells in the…

Gastroenterology

Discovery Of Colon Cancer Pathway Lead To New Targeted Treatments

University of Massachusetts Amherst food science researchers have pinpointed a set of enzymes involved in tumor growth that could be targeted to prevent or treat colon cancer. “We think this is a very interesting discovery,” says Guodong Zhang, assistant professor of food science, whose study was published in the journal Cancer Research. “Our research identifies a…

Lab Medicine

Molecule Could Benefit People With Friedrich's Ataxia

Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy population, according to new research from the University of Bath. It is hoped that the work, which has involved designing a brand new molecule…

Virology

Vaccine Hesitancy In European Populism

There is a significant association between the rise of populism across Europe and the level of mistrust around vaccines; according to a study by Queen Mary University of London. Lead author Dr. Jonathan Kennedy from Queen Mary University of London said; “It seems likely that scientific populism; driven by similar feelings to political populism; for…

Chemical probes

Advance Search For New Antibiotics: New Chemical Probes

Indiana University researchers are advancing knowledge about how bacteria build their cell walls; that could contribute to the search for new antibacterial drugs. They have created a new tool to observe living cells in real time under a microscope. “If you look at the history; no one’s really discovered a fundamentally new class of antibiotic;…

Hospital

Communication Gap Between Hospital And Home Clinicians

CU Anschutz researchers say gaps in communication between hospital and home health care clinicians which can lead to potentially deadly medical errors. A survey of Colorado home health care clinicians (HHCs) revealed that 60% said they had not received enough information to guide patient treatment while 52% said patients often had unrealistic expectations of the…

Smokers

Why Non-Smokers As Well As Smokers Develop Chronic Lung Disease

The new study, published in Nature Genetics; shows that genetic differences help explain why some people who have never smoked develop the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); why some smokers are at higher risk of getting the disease than other smokers. During the two-year study; researchers measured 20 million differences in the DNA in each of…

educating immune cells

Lipid-filled Particle: To Keep Fat Healthy

Researchers have discovered that fat tissue releases a lipid-filled particle that has a role in immune function and metabolism. The study, in mice, was published online in the journal Science. Obesity appears to activate the immune system, contributing to type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and other disorders. Understanding how fat tissue regulates immune response…