All news from Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Euthanasia

Criminal Case Spurs a Rethink of Euthanasia

The recent launch of a criminal investigation into a case of medically assisted death for psychiatric illness in Belgium, reported by multiple media sources, is shining a spotlight on growing concerns even among supporters about the controversial practice. The criminal allegations, which reportedly mark the first investigation of medically assisted euthanasia in that country since…

Smoking

Genetic Vulnerability To Menthol Cigarette Use

A genetic variant found only in people of African descent significantly increases a smoker’s preference for cigarettes containing menthol, a flavor additive. The variant of the MRGPRX4 gene is five to eight times more frequent among smokers who use menthol cigarettes than other smokers, according to an international group of researchers supported by the U.S.…

Radiotherapy

Sperm Quality Unaffected By Chemotherapy For Early Testicular Cancer

Men with early stage testicular cancer can safely receive one course of chemotherapy or radiotherapy after surgery without it having a long-term effect on their sperm count, according to a study published in the leading cancer journal Annals of  today. Although it is known already that several rounds of chemotherapy or high doses of radiotherapy given to men…

Genes in bacteria

Genes Help Harmful Bacteria Thwart Treatment

A Rutgers-led team has discovered two genes that make some strains of harmful Staphyloccocus bacteria resistant to treatment by copper, a potent and frequently used antibacterial agent. The discovery shows that Staphyloccocus aureus can acquire additional genes that promote infections and antibacterial resistance and may open new paths for the development of antibacterial drugs, according…

Stroke

No Loss of Thrombectomy Benefit in Late Stroke

For patients with a large-vessel ischemic stroke in the late window who were founding to have salvageable brain tissue on imaging; transfer from a primary stroke center to a thrombectomy-capable hospital did not affect the benefit of thrombectomy; latest results from the DEFUSE 3 trial show. The new subgroup analysis found that for patients who…

Major depression

Excitatory Neurons And Associated With Major Depression

They looked in the prefrontal cortex; a brain area involved in complex behaviors like planning, personality; social behavior and known to have an important role in the pathogenesis of major depression; and found that making the SIRT1 gene inactive in excitatory neurons there created symptoms of depression. When, like in real life; stress, not direct…

Toxicology

Toxicology Study Finds Minimal Risk For Maori Consuming eel

A University of Canterbury toxicology study recently published in the New Zealand Medical Journal has concluded that “PFOS residues in eels are likely to be of no concern from a carcinogenicity perspective;” which will likely ease fears around the traditional Māori food. Fished out of waterways around Aotearoa New Zealand and prepared in traditional dishes; freshwater…

Astronauts

Open Up About Depression And Isolation In Space

Astronauts must cope with a stressful and dangerous environment in space, away from family and friends; by working together, said two astronauts at the opening of a new exhibit on space health. “The problem you develop here is that everything is a little bit the same every day. It can depress sometimes if you are…

Migrants

Community Involves Trade-Off Between Social Status And Fertility

Researchers from the Universities of Helsinki, Turku, and Missouri, as well as the Family Federation of Finland, present the first results from a new; extraordinarily comprehensive population-wide dataset that details the lives of over 160,000 World War II evacuees in terms of integration. The results demonstrate that migrants’ integration into a host community involves a…

Metabolism

More Protein & Fewer Calories: Lose Weight Safely

A high-protein, low-calorie diet helps older adults with obesity lose more weight, maintain more muscle mass, improve bone quality and lose “bad” fat, according to results from a new randomized controlled trial led by Wake Forest University researcher Kristen Beavers.Four research papers based on the study results have been accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journals…

Marine medicine

The Osteogenic Potential Of Brown Seaweed Extracts

Marine drugs hold significantly more promise than their terrestrial counterparts, which could help to solve the current shortfall in treatments for osteoporosis and other bone related diseases. Fucoxanthin is the main carotenoid find in brown seaweed, and has many perceive health benefits, including potential bone therapeutic properties. Photogenic potential This study assessed the osteogenic potential…

Technology

Antibiotic Treatment? Chemical Impairs The Response

Grocery store aisles are stocked with products that promise to kill bacteria. People snap up those items to protect themselves from the germs that make them sick. However, new research from Washington University in St. Louis finds that a chemical that is supposed to kill bacteria is actually making them stronger and more capable of…