All news from Epidemiology

Beta cell

Researchers IN New Direction Epidemic Of Autoimmune Diseases

The immune system normally defends the body against everything from microscopic viruses to meters-long parasitic worms. But sometimes, it sets its sights on the wrong target: the body’s own cells. Autoimmunity problems cause many different diseases, depending on which cells are targeted. In Type 1 diabetes, it’s beta cells. Beta cells are located in the…

Retina

Retinal Metabolism To Impair Visual Function

How is a healthy retina cell like a tumor cell? It hijacks an energy-producing chemical reaction to churn out molecular building blocks. When tumor cells do it, they use the building blocks to make cancer grow and spread. But when retina cells do it, they renew photo-receptor membranes that keep our vision sharp. West Virginia…

Asthma

Guideline Outlines Step-down Therapy for Asthma

A new guideline from the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology provides evidence-based recommendations for stepping down asthma medications for patients who have achieved sustained asthma control. Stepping down asthma controller therapy allows clinicians to identify the minimum effective treatment needed to maintain wellness while reducing the burden of treatment with respect to adverse events,…

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the myeloid line of blood cells; characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal cells that build up in the bone marrow and blood and interfere with normal blood cells. Symptoms may include feeling tired, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection. Occasionally, spread may occur to the brain, skin, or gums. As an acute leukemia, AML progresses rapidly and…

Geriatrics

AGS Criteria Tool Aims To Make Medications For Older People

The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) today unveiled its latest update to one of geriatrics‘ most frequently cited reference tools: The AGS Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults. With more than 90% of older people using at least one prescription and more than 66% using three or more in any given month, the…

Gatroenterology

Curb Risk of Recurrent Adhesive Small-Bowel

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Surgical intervention reduces the risk that adhesive small-bowel obstruction (aSBO) will recur, whether it’s done at the index episode or during recurrent episodes, researchers say. “Adhesive small bowel obstruction is one of the most common reasons for hospital admissions to a surgical service,” Dr. Ramy Behman of the University of…

Optho

Scientists First To Pinpoint A Cause Of Pigmentary Glaucoma

An international team of researchers has identified a gene responsible for the onset of pigmentary glaucoma, which may lead to new therapies for the condition. “People who traditionally we wouldn’t think of having glaucoma young males in their 20s and 30sec are at particular risk for this form of the disease and of losing their vision,”…

Marine medicine

Mom's Prenatal Fish Oil Help Kids' Blood Pressure Later

Obese young children may have less risk for high blood pressure if their mother took the omega-3 fatty acid DHA—found in fish oil during pregnancy, new research suggests. The findings could be important since rising numbers of American children are obese and experiencing hikes in blood pressure. Blood pressure tracks That could have long-term consequences for their health, said study…

HSC in mice

Functional, Transplantable B Cells From Mice: Researchers Generate

Functional B-1 cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cells are capable of long-term engraftment and secrete natural antibodies after transplantation in mice, researchers report in the journal Stem Cell Reports. Scientists have interests in B-1 cells generated from pluripotent stem cells; because they could be tested as a therapeutic for a broad range of immunological disorders.…

Pemphigoid

Blisters Not Required to Diagnose Pemphigoid

The presence of blisters is not required to make the diagnosis of pemphigoid, according to a new study of this common cutaneous autoimmune disease. “The patients with nonbullous pemphigoid often have complaints of chronic itch and could be misdiagnosed as eczema, with a potential long delay until the diagnosis of pemphigoid is made,” said Dr.…

psychiatry

Better Diet Could Alleviate Symptoms Of Depression Finds Study

It has been speculated earlier that a healthy diet can raise the mood and reduce symptoms of mild depression. A new study proves the cause and effect of a healthy diet and improved symptoms of depression. because  The results of the new study titled, “The effects of dietary improvement on symptoms of depression and anxiety…

Heart

From Life-saving Devices: Engineers Harvest Heart's energy

The heart’s motion is so powerful that it can recharge devices that save our lives, according to new research from Dartmouth College. So, using a dime-sized invention developed by engineers at the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth, the kinetic energy of the heart can be converted into electricity to power a wide-range of implantable…