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Lab medicine

Team Makes Breakthrough Toward Developing Blood Test For Pain

A breakthrough test developed by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers to measure pain in patients could help stem the tide of the opioid crisis in Indiana; and throughout the rest of the nation. because A study led by psychiatry professor Alexander Niculescu; MD; Ph.D. and published this week in the high impact Nature journal Molecular…

SARS

An Antibody: Shows An Unexpected Mode Of Action

Studies of human monoclonal antibodies isolated from survivors of coronavirus-induced severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle-East respiratory syndrome (MERS) are unveiling surprising immune defense tactics against fatal viruses. Atomic and molecular information about the workings of the highly potent antibodies may provide insights to prevent these serious and sometimes deadly lung infections. Currently, no…

PET

Metabolic And Functional In Adolescent Brain By PET/CT

Brain development is a dynamic and complex process, including the change of brain volume and morphology, metabolism; expression of receptors and transporters, and function. A number of investigations indicate brain regional growth with changes of cortical thickness during brain development and maturation using MR. However, metabolic and functional changes associated with brain development and maturation…

Screen time

Screen Time Hinders Children’s Ability To Develop

This is not the first time that screen time among children been causing for concern among parents as well as doctors and health officials. Research and surveys have revealed that 98% of the children are living in homes that have one or more internet-connected device and are spending a substantial amount of time online or in…

Binge and Heavy drinkers

Drinking May Change DNA Resulting For Alcohol

Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule composed of two chains that coil around each other to form a double helix carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning; and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses. DNA and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are nucleic acids; alongside proteins; lipids and complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides); nucleic acids are one of the four major types of macromolecules that are essential for all known…

Immune system

Intestinal Immune Cells Play Key Role In Metabolic Regulation

A Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has identified what appears to be an important checkpoint in dietary metabolism, a group of cells in the small intestine that slow down metabolism, increasing the amount of ingested food that is stored as fat rather than being quickly converted into energy. In the report published in Nature; they find…

High-fiber

Megaphages Comes From High-fiber, Low-fat Diet

Viruses plague bacteria just as viruses like influenza plague humans. Some of the largest of these so-called bacteriophages have now been found in the human gut; where they periodically devastate bacteria just as seasonal outbreaks of flu lay humans low; according to a new study led by University of California, Berkeley, scientists. These “megaphages” —…

Sports

Exercise: The Best Defense Against Abdominal Fat

Scientists know that the type of fat you can measure with a tape isn’t the most dangerous. But what is the most effective way to fight internal, visceral fat that you cannot see or feel? The answer: exercise. Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center analyzed two types of interventions — lifestyle modification (exercise) and pharmacological…

Anesthesis

Less Anesthesia During Surgery Doesn't Prevent Post-Op Delirium

Many older adults who have major surgery experience postoperative delirium in the days after their operations. Previous research has suggested that closely monitoring the brain during surgery and making adjustments to protect the brain from too much anesthesia could reduce the risk of postoperative delirium.  Older surgical patients But in a new study of more…

Embryo

In Early Development: Kick-starting The Genome

After the fertilisation of an egg cell, two become one; two sets of genetic information combine to form a genome. We can think of the egg and sperm as information capsules with stored instructions for starting a new life, but post fertilisation, what kick starts the interpretation of these instructions? A ‘lookalike’ system Researchers at…

Tropical

Monoclonal Antibody Treatment In Ebola

The investigational Ebola treatment mAb114 is safe, well-tolerated, and easy to administer, according to findings from an early-stage clinical trial published in The Lancet. Eighteen healthy adults received the monoclonal antibody as part of a Phase 1 clinical trial; that began at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. Lethal challenge with Zaire…

Cell membranes

Biological Membranes' Functions: Ion Adsorption Affects

Scientists have developed a mathematical model describing the electrical properties of biological membranes when ions such as calcium, barium and strontium adsorb onto them at different pH levels. These factors need to be taken into account when studying the diverse phenomena that occur at the lipid membrane in living cells, such as ion transport mechanisms.…