All news from Radiology/ Radiotherapy

Radio therapy

Radiologists Can Help Identify Victims Of Domestic Violence

Radiologists may play a crucial role in identifying signs of intimate partner violence, a type of domestic violence, according to a study published in the journal Radiology. Radiologists can identify potential violence-related patterns of injury and work closely with referring providers to provide care for the victims. intimate partner violence is a serious; preventable social and…

Breast cancer detection

Breast Cancer Detection: New Technique Discovered

This publication presents a computer method for segmenting microcalcifications in mammograms. It makes use of morphological transformations and has two parts. The first part detects microcalcifications morphologically, thus allowing the approximate area of their occurrence to be determined, the contrast to be improved, and noise to be reduced in the mammograms. The methods used for…

general med

Home Help Service In Valencia Is Better With Public Funding

A study produced by researchers of the Universitat de València specifies what the care work consists of and what the different delivery systems are. In addition, it concludes that the working conditions of the auxiliary personnel of the Home Help Service (SAD, in Spanish) are better when the service is publicly owned and also that…

Respiratory Distress

Repositioning Patients in Respiratory Distress Recommended

A new protocol for turning patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) on their stomachs for at least 12 hours a day has made the procedure faster and easier to implement in hospitals, according to two critical care clinical nurse specialists. Before the protocol was in place, it was, “I need 1 hour; I need…

Abortion

Conscientious Objection To Abortion Can Affect Women's Health

Some Victorian health professionals who conscientiously object to abortion are breaking the law by not referring patients to another professional who does not object, new Victorian research has found. Published in BMC Medical Ethics; the University of Melbourne-led study found that in some cases; women had abortions much later than necessary or had the baby, despite seeking…

Insulin production

Type 1 Diabetes Gradually Destroys Insulin Production

Using the new Imaging Mass Cytometry method, researchers of UZH have investigated; the pancreas of healthy organ donors and those with type 1 diabetes. The study shows that many beta cells, which normally produce insulin; and still present in the early stages of the disease, but look very different. These beta cells could potentially be…

Serotonin

Serotonin Aids Spontaneity In Emergency Situations

Known for its role in relieving depression, the neurochemical serotonin may also help the brain execute instantaneous, appropriate behaviors in emergency situations, according to a new Cornell study published Feb. 1 in Science. The researchers studied brain activity patterns in mice. If a mouse was experiencing a threat, dorsal raphe serotonin neurons would fire during movements.…

Gonococcal Eye

Gonococcal Eye Infections In Newborns Advised

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) makes recommendations about the effectiveness of specific preventive care services for patients without obvious related signs or symptoms. It bases its recommendations on the evidence of both the benefits and harms of the service and an assessment of the balance. The USPSTF does not consider the costs of…

Marine animals

Collagen Of Extracellular Matrix From Marine Invertebrates

The extraction and purification of collagen are of great interest due to its biological function and medicinal applications. Although marine invertebrates are abundant in the animal kingdom, our knowledge of their extracellular matrix (ECM), which mainly contains collagen, is lacking. The functions of collagen isolated from marine invertebrates remain an untouched source of the proteinaceous…

Cardiomyopathy

Comparing Chemotherapy Drugs With Cardiomyopathy

Anthracyclines are part of many effective pediatric cancer treatment protocols. Most pediatric oncology treatment groups assume that the hematologic toxicity of anthracycline agents is equivalent to their cardiotoxicity; for example, Children’s Oncology Group substitution rules consider daunorubicin; and epirubicin isoequivalent to doxorubicin, whereas mitoxantrone and idarubicin are considered 4 to 5 times as toxic as…

Cigarettes

Vaping May Pose Big Risk For Smoking

The kind of teenager least interested in smoking appears to be the type most likely to try a cigarette after they experiment with vaping; a new study indicates. Overall, teens are four times more prone to trying traditional tobacco cigarettes if they’ve ever used an e-cigarettes, the researchers said. But “low-risk” teens are nearly nine times more…

Transfusion

A Regression Model For Prediction Of Cesarean-Associated Blood Transfusion

Red blood cell transfusion occurs in approximately 3% of all cesarean deliveries1 with massive transfusion, variably defined as red blood cell transfusion of more than 8 or 10 units, complicating 0.23 and 0.06% of deliveries, respectively. In the United States, the rate of severe maternal morbidity; including the rate of red blood cell transfusion during and…