All news from Nephrology

chronic kidney disease

Identify New Therapeutic Targets For Kidney Fibrosis

Chronic kidney disease is a global health concern, affecting about 10 % of the world’s population and increasing in prevalence. A final, common pathway in chronic kidney disease is fibrosis.  Just as fibrosis or the formation of fibrous connective tissue can cause devastating effects in the lung, liver, heart and elsewhere; fibrosis of the kidneys…

sight problems

Sight Problems Could Benefit From New Surgical Trial

People with sight problems could benefit from a surgical trial advance that has been shown to help restore the surface of the eye. Doctors made the world-first step by carrying out a clinical trial using stem cells; from donors to create tissue that is transplanting into patients with a condition that causes blindness. Researchers say…

Infants

Newborns Have Innate Skills To Pick Out Words

A research study of newborn babies has revealed that humans are born with the innate skills needed to pick out words from a language. The international team of researchers discovered two mechanisms in 3-day-old infants; which give them the skills to pick out words in a stream of sounds. The discovery provides a key insight…

Study skills

The Helping Kids Develop Good Study Habits

Good study habits do not always come easily or naturally. Most teens need to be taught how to develop them. They include mnemonics, which aid the retention of lists of information; effective reading; concentration techniques; and efficient notetaking. While often left up to the student and their support network; study skills are increasingly taught in high school and at the university level.…

labor

Oxytocin Do Not Reduce The Use Of Caesarean Sections

Delayed labor increases the risk of a cesarean section, even among women who receive oxytocin for augmentation of labor. administered dose is double either the rate of cesarean section among first-time mothers is not reducing; according to a dissertation from Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Oxytocin is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide. Oxytocin is normally producing…

PET/CT imaging

Prognostic Map To Target Tumor Using FDG-PET/CT imaging

To construct a tumor voxel Dose Response Matrix (DRM) and Dose Prescription Function (DPF) for adaptive Dose Painting by Number (DPbN) based on treatment feedback of FDG-PET/CT imaging. The uniform prescription dose, which has been safely used in clinics, has significant limitations to destroy local resistant niches in tumors that cause radiotherapy failures. Hence the…

Overdose

Recognizing And Reversing An Overdose

As addiction to opiates continues to be a major public health concern, it has become increasingly important to know how to respond to possible overdose situations. Knowing how to prevent and recognize the signs of an overdose, and how to respond to it, may save a life. Here’s what you need to know. An opioid overdose is a…

Lung Regeneration

High-Throughput Bioreactor System For Lung Regeneration

In a new article published in Tissue Engineering, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers; researchers report the development of a high-throughput, automated; multichannel lung bioreactor that allows a parallel culture of up to five human cell-populated isolated rat lung scaffolds. Manufactured or Engineered Device The bioreactor may refer to any manufactured or engineered device or system that supports a biologically active…

Rural communities

Method For Estimating Rural Intravenous Drug Use

A study published today in the American Journal of Public Health estimates that 1,857 people injected drugs in the last six months in Cabell County; a rural county with a population of 94,958. This estimate is based on an innovative survey technique. Public health officials can now use in their own rural communities to address the…

kids

Kids Prefer Friends Who Talk Like They Do

Children tend to prefer to be friends with other children who speak with the same local accent as they have, even if they grow up in a diverse community and are regularly exposed to a variety of accents; according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “It is common knowledge that adults unconsciously discriminate against others…

Brain

When It Comes To Brain Connectivity Cell Location Matters

A University of California, Irvine-led study reveals that connectivity within the brain. It appears to largely dictate by spatial architecture rather than cell type-specific cues. To understand how the brain works; current neuroscience research has focused on mapping the connect to determine how the brain is built and how it is wired. Much research has done…

Blood glucose control

Blood Glucose Control Appears To Risk Of Fracture Risk

Blood glucose control appears to play a role in the known risk of fracture in diabetes; however, the effect is only significant in type 1 diabetes; suggesting insulin deficiency and poor glycemic control earlier in life could take a toll on bone mass among these patients. “The researcher investigated the association between the degree of glycemic control. Fracture…