All news from Hematology & Oncology

To Reduces Drug Seeking Behavior, Erasing Memories With Cocaine

Researchers identified the brain circuits that form memories associating environmental cues with cocaine use. Targeting these memories may improve the success of exposure therapy to prevent relapse. Forty to 60 percent of all people treated for substance use disorders relapse, presenting a major challenge to treatment success. New research shows that disrupting memories that associate environmental cues with drug use significantly reduces drug seeking behaviors in rats.

Gut Microbiomes & Diversity Among Rural Africans

Research from the Perelman School of Medicine and School of Arts and Sciences pointed to a role for lifestyle, geography, and genetics, with surprising similarities to US populations in some cases. Our microbiome, the complex community of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and other microorganisms in and on our bodies, reflects the way we live. If we own a pet, we likely share microbes with them. If we eat meat, the microbiome in our intestines may look different from that of a vegan.

Long-Term Spaceflights Could Adversely Affect Astronauts

NASA hopes to send humans to Mars by 2030 on a round-trip mission that could take up to three years far longer than any human has ever traveled in space. Such long-term spaceflights could adversely affect certain cells in the immune systems of astronauts, according to a new study led by University of Arizona researchers.

Free screening for lung cancer can save money while building healthy relationship with patients

A free, simple screening for lung cancer can save patient money while building a healthy relationship for any medical needs they may have in the future. The research, published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery, shows the partnership can be beneficial for patients looking for cardiology specialists, family medical care and other health-related issues, as well as for medical facilities that offer the free screening.

Erasing Memories Associated With Cocaine Use

Researchers identified the brain circuits that form memories associating environmental cues with cocaine use. Targeting these memories may improve the success of exposure therapy to prevent relapse. Forty to 60 % of all people treated for substance use disorders relapse, presenting a major challenge to treatment success.