Researchers have developed a simple blood test that can detect when a newly transplanted lung is being rejected by a patient, even when no outward signs of the rejection are evident. The test could make it possible for doctors to intervene faster to prevent
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Critical limb ischemia (CLI), a manifestation of the peripheral arterial disease, is a debilitating and increasingly common disease that puts patients at high risk for a leg amputation, cardiovascular complications, and death. A new report in the Journal of Vascular Surgery chronicles a multi-site randomized controlled trial that seeks to compare treatment efficacy, functional outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and quality of life for 2,100 patients suffering from the condition.
A new British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology study illustrates the benefits of having clinical pharmacists follow up, by telephone, with patients at risk of having medication-related issues after hospital discharge. The aim is to help patients manage their medications effectively.
Researchers at University Duisburg-Essen, Germany have discovered new blood vessels in the long bones of mice, as well as similar new vessels in human long bones.
Laparoscopy has many advantages when used to assist surgery. However, pneumothorax, as a rare but potentially life-threatening complication, it requires rapid recognition and treatment. CO2 pneumothorax may be distinct from air pneumothorax. Researchers presented a case with unexpected large and symptomatic CO2 pneumothorax and treated successfully in a conservative way.
The tragic recent deaths of a mother and her two sons in a chhaupadi hut in Nepal has again brought the issue of this exclusionary practice to the forefront of international human rights and media attention. Despite being illegal, chhaupadi, the practice of exiling menstruating women and girls from their home – often to a cow shed – is still practised in some areas of Western Nepal.
Despite funding increases promised by the National Health Policy 2017, current spending levels have stagnated. Does this stagnation, coupled with a continued increase in the overall amount spent on healthcare, indicate the government’s role in India’s health is becoming ever more distant?
The Odisha AIDS Control Society has launched a programme to sensitize adolescent students in schools on HIV, AIDS and sexual transmission diseases, an official said. The adolescent education programme was launched in Ganjam district, having the highest number of HIV positive persons in the state. The children will be made aware of the cause of the spread of STDs by the teachers in the district, AIDS control programme officer in Ganjam, Hemant Sahu, said here.
Wherever possible, researchers should not just focus on mosquito behavior when working to eliminate malaria, but must also consider how humans behave at night when the risk of being bitten by an infected mosquito is highest, new findings suggest. A CCP-led review article published in Malaria Journal finds that while there is substantial research into when malaria mosquitoes bite, when they are most active and which species are most likely to spread disease.
Researchers at have discovered that branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in tumours can be targeted to prevent and treat cancer. Together with collaborators from the United States and National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS), they found that some cancers potently suppress the catabolism (breakdown) of BCAAs. This leads to BCAAs accumulating in tumours and activating a known pro-oncogenic pathway called mTOR.
A Ludwig Cancer Research study has uncovered a cellular mechanism by which melanomas that fail to respond to checkpoint blockade may be made susceptible to such immunotherapies. the study also identifies an existing diabetes drug that could be used to accomplish that feat.
New science uncovers how an unlikely culprit, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) — the bacterium commonly associated with chronic gum disease — appears to drive Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. A paper published in Science Advances details how researchers identified Pg in the brains of patients with AD.