All news from Lab Medicine

Best Treatment Guidelines For Critical Limb Ischemia

Critical limb ischemia (CLI), a manifestation of the peripheral arterial disease, is a debilitating and increasingly common disease that puts patients at high risk for a leg amputation, cardiovascular complications, and death. A new report in the Journal of Vascular Surgery chronicles a multi-site randomized controlled trial that seeks to compare treatment efficacy, functional outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and quality of life for 2,100 patients suffering from the condition.

Nepal’s Menstrual Huts: Practice Of Confining Women To Cow Sheds?

The tragic recent deaths of a mother and her two sons in a chhaupadi hut in Nepal has again brought the issue of this exclusionary practice to the forefront of international human rights and media attention. Despite being illegal, chhaupadi, the practice of exiling menstruating women and girls from their home – often to a cow shed – is still practised in some areas of Western Nepal.

Adolescent School Students: Made Aware Of HIV-AIDS

The Odisha AIDS Control Society has launched a programme to sensitize adolescent students in schools on HIV, AIDS and sexual transmission diseases, an official said. The adolescent education programme was launched in Ganjam district, having the highest number of HIV positive persons in the state. The children will be made aware of the cause of the spread of STDs by the teachers in the district, AIDS control programme officer in Ganjam, Hemant Sahu, said here. 

Research On Human Behavior: To halt malaria transmission

Wherever possible, researchers should not just focus on mosquito behavior when working to eliminate malaria, but must also consider how humans behave at night when the risk of being bitten by an infected mosquito is highest, new findings suggest. A CCP-led review article published in Malaria Journal finds that while there is substantial research into when malaria mosquitoes bite, when they are most active and which species are most likely to spread disease.

Development & Progression of Cancer: By Branched-chain Amino Acids

Researchers at have discovered that branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in tumours can be targeted to prevent and treat cancer. Together with collaborators from the United States and National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS), they found that some cancers potently suppress the catabolism (breakdown) of BCAAs. This leads to BCAAs accumulating in tumours and activating a known pro-oncogenic pathway called mTOR.