With the help of a multidisciplinary register and questionnaire study, Finnish researchers showed that both the educational level and its occupational orientation predict the mother's smoking during early pregnancy. Approximately 15% of pregnant Finnish women smoke during early pregnancy. The number has remained stable during the past decades, and it is higher than in the other Nordic countries where smoking during pregnancy has decreased strongly,
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Fecal transplants have become routine treatment for nasty recurrent diarrheal infections, but trials for other conditions have hit a bum note. Now, scientists have re-examined the evidence. Time and again, they found one donor whose stool was substantially more likely to lead to clinical improvement than others in the same trial. These 'super-donors' can provide the necessary bacteria to restore gut chemicals that are lacking in illnesses like IBD and diabetes, according to a new review published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.
California's public mental health workforce is poorly prepared to address their mental health needs and provide treatment for substance abuse. The council's current proposed plan does not specifically mention older adults.
Subfertility and the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) may increase the risk of asthma in offspring according to a study published in Thorax. The risk for asthma also appears to increase with increasing number of early miscarriages.
Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics for children with acute bronchiolitis persists in U.S. emergency departments (EDs), researchers report. Bronchiolitis is a viral infection which does not respond to or requires antibiotic treatment, and guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), first published in 2006, recommend against the use of antibiotics for this illness," said Dr. Brett Burstein from McGill University Health Center, in Montreal, Canada.
Body size-height and weight- may influence women's lifespan far more than it does men's, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. And while physical activity is linked to longer lifespans in both sexes, it seems the more time men spend physically active every day, the better it is for their chances of reaching old age, whereas 60 minutes a day was associated with the best chance for women, the findings indicate.
A new paper reviews the scientific basis and effectiveness of pharmacogenetic (Pgen) tests in guiding the choices and doses of psychiatric medications for treating the major depressive disorder (MDD) and related psychiatric conditions.
A team of scientists from Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU) together with their colleagues described a number of genetic mutations causing Usher syndrome (inherited deaf-blindness) A team of scientists from Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU) together with their colleagues from leading scientific centers of Moscow and India described a number of genetic mutations causing Usher syndrome (inherited deaf-blindness).
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the curative effect of fludeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for 42 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III/IV ovarian cancer.
Researchers explore how maternal sleep habits, including lengthy periods of sleep without waking more than once in the night, may be associated with fetal health Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy may be associated with late stillbirth, a new Michigan Medicine-led international study suggests.
A percentage of females are born with a missing or underdeveloped vagina and uterus, and scientists are working to analyze the genes of hundreds of them to get a better idea about causes, improve genetic counseling and ideally treatment.
Good health literacy is associated with better adherence to blood pressure medications among Hispanic individuals with high blood pressure, finds a study by NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing and Columbia University School of Nursing. However, the majority of this population lacks health literary and has poor adherence to their medications.