All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Smoking During Pregnancy: In Educational & Occupational Level

With the help of a multidisciplinary register and questionnaire study, Finnish researchers showed that both the educational level and its occupational orientation predict the mother's smoking during early pregnancy. Approximately 15% of pregnant Finnish women smoke during early pregnancy. The number has remained stable during the past decades, and it is higher than in the other Nordic countries where smoking during pregnancy has decreased strongly,

The 'Super-donor' Phenomenon Of Fecal Transplants

Fecal transplants have become routine treatment for nasty recurrent diarrheal infections, but trials for other conditions have hit a bum note. Now, scientists have re-examined the evidence. Time and again, they found one donor whose stool was substantially more likely to lead to clinical improvement than others in the same trial. These 'super-donors' can provide the necessary bacteria to restore gut chemicals that are lacking in illnesses like IBD and diabetes, according to a new review published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing For Acute Bronchitis

Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics for children with acute bronchiolitis persists in U.S. emergency departments (EDs), researchers report. Bronchiolitis is a viral infection which does not respond to or requires antibiotic treatment, and guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), first published in 2006, recommend against the use of antibiotics for this illness," said Dr. Brett Burstein from McGill University Health Center, in Montreal, Canada.

Women Live More Than Men: Body Size May Influence

Body size-height and weight- may influence women's lifespan far more than it does men's, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. And while physical activity is linked to longer lifespans in both sexes, it seems the more time men spend physically active every day, the better it is for their chances of reaching old age, whereas 60 minutes a day was associated with the best chance for women, the findings indicate.

New Genetic Mutations Causing Inherited Deaf Blindness

A team of scientists from Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU) together with their colleagues described a number of genetic mutations causing Usher syndrome (inherited deaf-blindness) A team of scientists from Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU) together with their colleagues from leading scientific centers of Moscow and India described a number of genetic mutations causing Usher syndrome (inherited deaf-blindness).

Periods Of Undisturbed Maternal Sleep And Stillbirths

Researchers explore how maternal sleep habits, including lengthy periods of sleep without waking more than once in the night, may be associated with fetal health Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy may be associated with late stillbirth, a new Michigan Medicine-led international study suggests.