All news from Paediatrics

Baby: New Foods Can Become A Daily Showdown

Getting kids to try new foods can become a daily showdown. One promising approach: expose babies early on to varied tastes and textures. Researchers in Brisbane, Australia, found that food experiences when just 14 months old can influence the eating habits that children will exhibit at age 3. And introducing a variety of fruits and vegetables and other types of foods early on is key to a better diet quality later on.

Benzodiazepines May Boost Greater Risk For Pneumonia

Use of benzodiazepines and related drugs (BZRDs) is associated with greater risk for pneumonia, especially in older adults, new research suggests. Investigators affiliated with the Seventh Hospital of Hangzhou, China, reviewed and meta-analyzed 10 studies, encompassing more than 120,000 pneumonia cases, and found that the odds for developing pneumonia were 1.25-fold higher in BZRD users compared with individuals who had not taken BZRDs .

The Way To Sore Knee Relief Cartilage Repair

NIBIB-developed researchers have developed a 3-D-printed scaffold coated aggregate, a native cartilage component, to improve the regeneration of cartilage tissue in joints. The scaffold was combined with a common microfracture procedure and tested in rabbits. University of Maryland researchers found the combination of the implant and microfracture procedure to be ten times more effective than microfracture alone. Microfracture alone is the standard therapy currently.

Prevention of Chronic Postsurgical Pain

Systemic lidocaine may modulate several of the pathophysiological processes linked to CPSP. This systematic review aims to identify and synthesize the evidence linking lidocaine infusions and CPSP. Chronic postsurgical pain incidence was consistent with existing epidemiological data. Current limited clinical trial data and biological plausibility support lidocaine infusions use to reduce the development of CPSP without full assurances as to its safety.

Micro Pressure Flexible Sensor For Aerospace Vehicle

When flight vehicles (e.g., aerospace vehicles, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites, near-space aircrafts, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and drones) fly at high speed, their surfaces suffer the micro-pressure from high-altitude thin air. The long-term effect of this pressure causes the surface components of flight vehicle to deform or fall off, which can lead to a serious accident.

Multiple Sclerosis: Protecting Oligodendrocytes May Reduce It

A small molecule, Sephin1, may be able to significantly delay harm to nerve cells caused by multiple sclerosis, a disabling immune-mediated disease that damages nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. In the journal Brain, a team based at the University of Chicago show that treating mice suffering from a mouse model of MS with Sephin1 (selective inhibitor of a holophosphatase) was able to "delay the loss of myelin and postpone the onset of debilitating disease."