Getting kids to try new foods can become a daily showdown. One promising approach: expose babies early on to varied tastes and textures. Researchers in Brisbane, Australia, found that food experiences when just 14 months old can influence the eating habits that children will exhibit at age 3. And introducing a variety of fruits and vegetables and other types of foods early on is key to a better diet quality later on.
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Use of benzodiazepines and related drugs (BZRDs) is associated with greater risk for pneumonia, especially in older adults, new research suggests. Investigators affiliated with the Seventh Hospital of Hangzhou, China, reviewed and meta-analyzed 10 studies, encompassing more than 120,000 pneumonia cases, and found that the odds for developing pneumonia were 1.25-fold higher in BZRD users compared with individuals who had not taken BZRDs .
NIBIB-developed researchers have developed a 3-D-printed scaffold coated aggregate, a native cartilage component, to improve the regeneration of cartilage tissue in joints. The scaffold was combined with a common microfracture procedure and tested in rabbits. University of Maryland researchers found the combination of the implant and microfracture procedure to be ten times more effective than microfracture alone. Microfracture alone is the standard therapy currently.
A new class of engineered proteins may counter infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus–a bacterial species considered one of the largest global health threats, a new study suggests. Published online in Science Translational Medicine, the study is the result of a five-year research partnership between scientists at NYU School of Medicine and Janssen Research & Development, LLC (Janssen).
According to estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO), there will be 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million cancer deaths worldwide in 2018. Cancer is a serious disease that affects people all over the world. And studies on the treatment of tumors have far-reaching significance.
Systemic lidocaine may modulate several of the pathophysiological processes linked to CPSP. This systematic review aims to identify and synthesize the evidence linking lidocaine infusions and CPSP. Chronic postsurgical pain incidence was consistent with existing epidemiological data. Current limited clinical trial data and biological plausibility support lidocaine infusions use to reduce the development of CPSP without full assurances as to its safety.
When flight vehicles (e.g., aerospace vehicles, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites, near-space aircrafts, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and drones) fly at high speed, their surfaces suffer the micro-pressure from high-altitude thin air. The long-term effect of this pressure causes the surface components of flight vehicle to deform or fall off, which can lead to a serious accident.
A small molecule, Sephin1, may be able to significantly delay harm to nerve cells caused by multiple sclerosis, a disabling immune-mediated disease that damages nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. In the journal Brain, a team based at the University of Chicago show that treating mice suffering from a mouse model of MS with Sephin1 (selective inhibitor of a holophosphatase) was able to "delay the loss of myelin and postpone the onset of debilitating disease."
Oncology nurses have some good news to share with their patients. A new study has found that patients who exercise regularly may experience a significant improvement in survival. In addition, the risk of death appears to be lower even for those who begin exercising after their cancer diagnosis.
A Rutgers study has found a significant increase in head and neck cancers among workers and volunteers who responded to the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC), pointing to newly emerging risks that require ongoing monitoring and treatment of those who were exposed during the initial response.