All news from Neurology

Glial Cells Can Push Neurons Toward Parkinson's Disease

Researchers from the University of Barcelona have shown that defective versions of human brain cells called astrocytes are linked to the buildup of a toxic protein that is the hallmark of Parkinson's disease. The studied astrocytes, derived from Parkinson's disease patients with a genetic mutation that affects cell clean-up functions, caused more accumulation of the toxin, alpha-synuclein, than those derived from healthy individuals.

Routine Immunisation: Health Ministry Of Bhutan Introduces PCV

With the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) into the routine immunisation, the vaccine would now be given to infants at six weeks, 10 weeks and nine months of age in all health facilities. The vaccine prevents transmission of pneumococcal bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, otitis media, bacteraemia, and meningitis in children under 5 years.The health ministry with GAVI and UNICEF introduced PCV 13 into the routine immunisation.

CT Or MRI: Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Children

The objective of our study was to identify the clinical features and imaging findings of the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in children. During the study, ACS was diagnosed in 50 children, 14 of whom underwent CT or MRI. We reviewed the medical records of the 50 children to obtain clinical information, such as underlying risk factors, therapeutic approach, and clinical outcome, and we evaluated the CT and MRI examinations of the 14 children.

Effect Of Antibiotic Perturbation Of The Gut Microbiome

Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) studying osteoimmunology, the interface of the skeletal and immune systems, have examined the impact of disrupting the healthy gut microbiome with antibiotics on post-pubertal skeletal development. Their results, published online in the American Journal of Pathology, showed that antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiota induced a pro-inflammatory response that led to increased activity of osteoclasts.

Blood Pressure Regulating Peptides In Vampire Bat Venom

Vampire bats could hold the key to new treatments for a range of serious medical problems, but researchers have hit the snag accessing the specimens needed to advance their work. An international team led by The University of Queensland has found a new class of blood pressure-regulating peptides in the venom of the common vampire bat ( Diphylla ecaudata ).