The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has cleared a new medical device invented by a Twin Cities neurosurgeon to detect signs of concussion by tracking a patient's eye movements. The device, called the EyeBox, was invented by Minnesota neurosurgeon Dr. Uzma Samadani following the discovery that slight discrepancies in how a patient's eyes track an image on a screen can reveal a wealth of information about underlying brain dysfunction.
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New research from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Veterinary Medicine has identified an FDA-approved drug that, when used with surgery, hampers metastasis in an animal model. The medication resperine also prevents what are known as tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (TEVs) from fusing to healthy cells and sharing their cargo of disease-promoting molecules. The study's findings, published in the Penn Today.
People riding free-floating bike share rentals in Seattle are wearing helmets infrequently, according to a new analysis conducted by University of Washington researchers. Only 20 percent of bike share riders wore helmets in the study, while more than 90 percent of cyclists wore helmets while riding their own bikes.
Researchers from Singapore's Duke-NUS Medical School, in collaboration with scientists in China, have identified and characterised a new genus of filovirus from a Rousettus bat in China. Their findings were published in the journal Nature Microbiology. Bat-borne viruses around the world pose a threat to human and animal health.
When we think of the recovery period in adolescents with a sports injury, we tend to focus on milestones marking relief from symptoms, restoration of strength, and perhaps return to play. But what about the effects of sports injury on other aspects of the young athlete's life? How is the young athlete's quality of life (QOL) affected following injury and throughout the recovery process?
Madariaga virus (MADV), or South American eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), has — until now — been found primarily in animals of South and Central America, with the first human outbreak occurring in Panama in 2010. Now, scientists writing in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases report the identification of MADV in eight children in Haiti in 2015 and 2016.
Increases in the relative rates of culture negative pneumonia (1% -2%) requiring hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits were significantly associated with increased concentrations of particulate air pollution (PM2.5 ) in the previous 2 to 7 days, according to study published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
Researchers at Osaka University have identified a protein that is involved in treatment resistance in lung cancer cells carrying a common cancer-related mutation , which could be used for predicting prognosis or treating these patients.
A practical resource-based public health approach for the rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals living in low- and middle-income countries could save thousands of lives, according to an Essay published in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by Mark Tenforde of the University of Washington School of Medicine, and colleagues.
An inter-disciplinary research team led by scientists from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has successfully used machine learning to uncover new insights into the cellular architecture of the human brain.