All news from Urology

Gene May Contribute To Drug Resistance In Prostate Cancer

Researchers have discovered how a gene involved in regulating hormone receptors may contribute to drug resistance in some prostate cancer patients. Their findings, published in eLife, suggest that disrupting specific activity of the GREB1 gene could be explored for developing more effective therapies in future.

Want To Quit Smoking? A Better Strategy Is Here

Quitting smoking is one of the hardest things to do, but studies have found that one strategy in particular can help many people: Start anti-smoking medication well before your intended quit date. Under traditional prescribing guidelines, people who plan to quit smoking with the help of a medication begin taking their anti-smoking drug about one week before their set quit date. But about 75 percent of people who try to quit go back to smoking within a year.

So what's the solution? Research done at the University at Buffalo, in New York, showed that simply starting the drugs four weeks in advance can increase the success rate. One study was done on bupropion, known by the brand name Zyban, and similar research has involved both nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline (Chantix).

Lethal Disease By Enterohemorrhagic E. coli : Replication Is Not Necessary

The replication of a bacterial virus is not necessary to cause lethal disease in a mouse model of a food-borne pathogen called Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), according to a study published January 10 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Sowmya Balasubramanian of Tufts University School of Medicine, and colleagues. The surprising findings could lead to the development of novel strategies for the treatment of EHEC and life-threatening kidney-related complications in children.

Lack of Trust, Cost, Complexity: Preventing People From Buying Health Insurance

A number of people trying to maintain good health and also exploring to buy a health insurance policy to cover their health risks find existing health insurance policies in the country confusing and expensive. Moreover, an even larger chunk of people do not trust the healthcare ecosystem.

 These are the findings of a study, GOQii India Fit Report 2019, by preventive healthcare and fitness platform GOQii. The findings are based on responses from 700,000 users of the company’s fitness app.

Influences Behind ART in HIV Positive Patients in Africa

An international team of researchers have carried out a review of the evidence examining what influences people who are HIV positive to go to health services and then stay on antiretroviral drugs in Africa. In a paper published in the Journal PLOS One the team, led by LSTM's Professor Paul Garner, used advanced methods of thematic synthesis to examine over 59 studies carried out in Africa, extracting key messages from the qualitative research.

After 2007 'Lucky Escape' UK Must Stay Alert For Bluetongue

A set of fortunate circumstances may have prevented the UK from being harder hit by bluetongue in the past but the threat of future outbreaks is only set to increase, new research reveals. Scientists at the University of Liverpool have used mathematical modelling to identify why the 2007 UK outbreak of bluetongue — a viral disease spread by midge bites that affects sheep and cattle — was smaller than it could have been and to predict the future impact of the disease in northern Europe as the climate warms.

Manipulating ancient RNA: Herpes viruses evolved to learn

Herpes viral infections use the ancient genetic material found in the human genome to proliferate, mimicking the same process tumors have been found to manipulate, Mount Sinai researchers have shown for the first time. These observations provide further insight about how herpes viruses can manipulate the immune system in ways that may drive neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's, according to the study, published in Nature Communications.