Using a unique bioinformatics technique, researchers have detected the emergence of new strains of microbes in the human fecal microbiota after obesity surgery. These new strains emerged after surgical disruption of the stomach and upper small intestine. In contrast, the found that strains of the human gut fecal microbiota resembled those found pre-surgery following surgery in the colon.
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Penn Highlands Healthcare is the first medical facility in the region to offer bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using the first lung valve approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for helping emphysema patients breathe easier without major surgery.
Researchers have developed new bioinspired material that interacts with surrounding tissues to promote healing . Materials are used to heal wounds: Collagen sponges help treat burns and pressure sores, and scaffold-like implants are used to repair bones. Now scientists are developing biomaterials that interact with tissues as healing takes place.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic disease with a high symptom burden and poor survival that influences patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We aimed to evaluate IPF patients' symptoms and HRQOL in a well-documented clinical cohort during their last two years of life.
In a new study, researchers at the Biodesign Institute explore a safe and simple treatment for one of the most devastating and perplexing afflictions: Alzheimer's disease (AD). Lead authors Ramon Velazquez and Salvatore Oddo, along with their colleagues in the ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center (NDRC), investigate the effects of choline, an essential nutrient that may hold promise in the war against the memory-stealing disorder.
Adolescents with depression who were treated with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-A) had significantly better outcomes when their therapists prescribed assessed symptoms and augmented treatment for insufficient responders after four weeks of therapy rather than waiting until Week 8, reports to study published in the January 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psyc hiatry (JAACAP) .
Researchers report that adding to the lysophospholipid form of EPA (LPC-EPA) to increase dietary levels of EPA in the brain 100-fold in mice. Getting enough of the omega 3 fatty acids DHA and EPA into the brain to study its effects on conditions like Alzheimer's and depression which they have been shown to help – is no easy task. While these are fatty acids, there is scant evidence that these supplements actually increase DHA or EPA in the brain.
Scientists have developed an analytic method that can detect viral infections using the immune system. This method could help identify gaps in protection early on, and make transplants safer in the future.
Any alcohol use, regardless of the amount, leads to the loss of healthy life. This is according to findings of a new scientific study , which was recently published in the international medical journal, The Lancet .
Transforming super-sensitive touch sensors, engineers and medical researchers build a way to wirelessly monitor blood flow after surgery. A new device developed by Stanford University researchers could make it easier for doctors to monitor the success of blood vessel surgery. The sensor, detailed in a paper published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, monitors the flow of blood through an artery. It is biodegradable, battery-free and wireless, so it is compact and doesn't need to be removed and it can warn a patient's doctor if there is a blockage.
Underscoring the urgent need for countries like India to put women's cancers on the map of the public health agenda, Prof Ian Jacobs, Vice-Chancellor of the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, an acknowledged global expert on the subject, India can benefit immensely from the global experience on screening and prevention in the area of ??ovarian and cervical cancers.
Researchers from LSTM and the University of Liverpool have successfully optimized a 10000-compound library to deliver the first novel fully synthetic and rationally designed anti- Wolbachia drug, AWZ1066S, which could be used to treat onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis (LF).