All news from Health Policy in India

Effectiveness Of Efavirenz Pregnant HIV-Positive Women

Most of the 1.4 million pregnant women with HIV who received Antiretroviral Therapy in 2016 were given an EFV-based regimen, in line with World Health Organization recommendations, according to the researchers. While a number of studies found no increased risk following EFV exposure during the first trimester, case reports of birth defects – in particular, neural tube defects – and two small US studies reporting an increased risk associated with first-trimester use, prompted the current pooled analysis which suggests that EFV is at least as safe as other ART drugs currently recommended for antenatal use.

Fungal Infection In Brain: A Major Medical Challenge

Researchers report that the fungus Candida albicans can cross the blood-brain barrier and trigger an inflammatory response that results in the formation of granuloma-type structures and temporary mild memory impairments in mice. They have also found Amyloid precursor proteins which are typically present in the plaques of Alzheimer's disease. 

The Right Exercise For Different Age

The effect of exercise on health is profound. It can protect you from a range of conditions, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. But the type and amount of exercise you should do changes as you age. To ensure that you are doing the right type of exercise for your age, follow this simple guide.

Physicians' Adherence Tto Clinical Guidelines For Monitoring Diabetes

In the current issue of Family Medicine and Community Health (Volume 6,Number 4, 2018; DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2018.0121, Mingliang Dai, Michael R. Peabody, Lars E. Peterson, Arch G. Mainous III of the American Board of Family Medicine, Lexington, KY 40511, USA, University of Florida, Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, Gainesville, FL, USA and University of Florida, Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA consider how adherence to clinical guidelines is an integral part of the World Health Organization's Global Action Plan to reduce the impact of diabetes.

Cellulitis Risk Score May Help Guide IV Antibiotic Therapy in Children

Pediatricians from Australia have developed and validated a simple risk-assessment score to help guide about antibiotic therapy for cellulitis in children. "Cellulitis is a frequently encountered disease, but there is no evidence-based guidance to determine which children with cellulitis should be treated with intravenous antibiotics versus which can be treated with oral antibiotics," Dr. Franz Babl of the University of Melbourne.