What can seashells, lightning and the coastline of Britain teach us about new drugs for cancer? The answer, according to a team of researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, may revolve around fractals, the infinitely complex patterns found in nature.
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Just a few days after Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques launched to the International Space Station on Dec. 3, the first-time space flyer faced a considerable challenge: learning how his perception is altered by spaceflight.
Being malnourished in utero makes it more likely to be a woman will experience early menopause and premature ovarian failure (POF) relative to women not malnourished during fetal development, according to a study of a large sample of Chinese women who lived through the Great Famine.
Radiotherapy for the treatment of left-sided breast cancer increases the long term risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to non-invasively image the progression of radiation-induced cardiac inflammation in a large animal model using a hybrid positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging system.
Antibiotics are life-savers. But they're being overprescribed and overused, leading to antibiotic-resistant germs stronger than the drugs available to treat them. This is also creating more drug side effects, allergic reactions and serious infections.
Type 2 diabetes may be a causal factor in the development of erectile dysfunction (ED), with insulin resistance a likely mediating pathway, results of a large-scale genomic analysis suggest. The data also uncovered a genetic locus linked to ED.
There is too little evidence to recommend any one approach to treating wrist fractures in children, the authors of a new Cochrane review conclude. However, there is reassuring evidence of a full return to previous function with no serious adverse events
In the past two decades, opioid overdose death rates among U.S. kids and teens have tripled, a new study shows. Young children have either died from accidental ingestion of narcotics or from intentional poisoning.
Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and their caregivers report that PD-related infection, mortality, and fatigue are outcomes of the highest importance, according to a study published online in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Use of inferior vena cava (IVC) does not appear to have a mortality benefit – and may confer to mortality risk – in older adults with pulmonary embolism (PE), a study has shown.
The results of the study, conducted by Behnood Bikdeli and colleagues, were published online in a research letter in JAMA Internal Medicine . The findings contradict those from previous analyses of administrative databases in which there was limited adjustment for potential confounders, they write
Substituting trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, Kadcyla) for adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) in patients who had residual disease after receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab reduced the risk of developing an invasive recurrence of HER2-positive early-stage breast cancer by 50%, according to data from the phase III clinical trial KATHERINE presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec. 4-8.