All news from Anaesthesiology

COPD: Airway-Branch Variations Linked to Greater Risk

The internal anatomy of our lungs is surprisingly variable, and some of those variations are associated with a greater risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a new study led by researchers at McGill University and the Columbia University Irving Medical Center has found.

Toddler Drinks Mislead with Health Claims

Misleading labeling on formulas and milks marketed as "toddler drinks" may confuse parents about their healthfulness or necessity, finds a new study by researchers at the NYU College of Global Public Health and the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at the University of Connecticut.

Insulin Secretion Is Not Functioning in Type-2 Diabetes Patients

In a new study, researchers from the universities of Uppsala and Lund, they observed that insulin secretion is not working properly in patients suffering from type-2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a major public health issue with globally more than 400 million individuals affected. Both lifestyle and hereditary components contribute to the disease. The Study is published in the journal Cell Metabolism.

FluChip-8G technology Aid in Pandemic Preparedness

InDevR Inc., a Boulder-based analytical technology and life science company, today announced plans to launch a Research Use Only (RUO) version of their FluChip-8G technology to aid in pandemic preparedness. The new molecular test addresses an unmet need for more detailed information about flu viruses found in human specimens without the data management complexities associated with current sequencing approaches. FluChip-8G offers viral subtype specific insight with the ease of use of an RT-PCR assay and unmatched simplicity in results interpretation.

Hepatitis B: 'Virus-cracking' Molecules Advance Cure

Researchers have found that certain molecules — currently under clinical trial — are able to 'crack' the protective shell of the hepatitis B virus, suggesting it may be possible to attack the virus after its already taken hold in the body. There is currently no cure for the virus, which can cause liver failure and cancer.

A deadly measles outbreak that killed children in Indonesia

In this study, researchers evaluated in terms of outbreaks in Indonesia. A deadly measles-and-malnutrition outbreak that killed scores of children in Indonesia's remote Papua province is over. According to statistics showed a total of 72 children died while hundreds more were sickened because of the "extraordinary" outbreak, which hit several isolated communities in Papua's Asmat district between September 2017 and February 4.

New Drug Target that may Reduce GVHD Risk, researchers find

Stem cell transplants can cure patients with high-risk leukemia or lymphoma. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a potentially life-threatening side effect that occurs when the donor's immune cells attack the recipient's normal tissues. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers are trying to identify new drug targets to reduce the risk of GVHD. Their new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows a drug that targets the protein JAK2 may reduce the risk of GVHD.

False Ligaments in The Body, Which Describes Ligaments

In this research, study shows that while not an exhaustive review of "false" ligaments in the body, describes eight such ligaments. False ligaments are defined as ligamentous structures connecting separate parts of the same bone and are thus immobile. The ligaments reviewed include the suprascapular ligament, the transforaminal lumbar ligaments, the mamillo-accessory ligament, the transverse atlantal ligament, the transverse occipital ligament, the transverse humeral ligament, the coracoacromial ligament, and the transverse part of the ulnar collateral ligament.