All news from Anaesthesiology

Men are Much Less Likely to Get Multiple Sclerosis than Women

Women have three-to-four times the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to men and the lower incidence in males is related, in part, to higher levels of testosterone. But until now, scientists have not understood how the hormone provides protection. The new study discovered how testosterone does it, and how females can glean the benefits. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 

Ultraviolet Light can Prevent the Spread of Influenza

Continuous low doses of far ultraviolet C (far-UVC) light can kill airborne flu viruses without harming human tissues, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports. The findings suggest that use of overhead far-UVC light in hospitals, schools, airports, and other public spaces could provide a powerful check on seasonal influenza epidemics, as well as influenza pandemics.

Recreate Liver-Tumor Organoids for Faster, More Accurate Drug Screening

A major challenge in developing liver cancer drugs is that preclinical testing occurs in tumor models that do not accurately reflect human tumor features. Now, Singaporean researchers have grown organoids from liver tumors on specially engineered 3-D scaffolds. These organoids replicate important features of the original tumor, including genetic changes and intra-tumor heterogeneity, and could serve as tumor avatars for high-throughput drug screening.

Contraceptive use: Relationship factors Affect decisions

The dynamics of a couple's relationship, including the exclusivity of the partnership, the level of commitment to the partnership and participation in sexual decision-making with their partner, impact young adults' decisions related to contraceptive use, new research from Oregon State University shows.