A new optical imaging system which utilizes red and near-infrared light could identify breast cancer patients who might respond to chemotherapy, according to a new study recently published in the journal Radiology.
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Children born into housing compounds with improvements in drinking water quality, sanitation, and handwashing infrastructure were not measurably taller after two years compared to those born into compounds with more contamination, a new study suggests. The study is published in the journal The Lancet Global Health.
Women have three-to-four times the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to men and the lower incidence in males is related, in part, to higher levels of testosterone. But until now, scientists have not understood how the hormone provides protection. The new study discovered how testosterone does it, and how females can glean the benefits. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Continuous low doses of far ultraviolet C (far-UVC) light can kill airborne flu viruses without harming human tissues, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports. The findings suggest that use of overhead far-UVC light in hospitals, schools, airports, and other public spaces could provide a powerful check on seasonal influenza epidemics, as well as influenza pandemics.
The researchers found that a mother's weight status during the first half of gestation is "a key determinant of infant birth weight and highlight [s] the importance of the timing of weight gain in pregnancy." The study findings were published in the JAMA Pediatrics
A major challenge in developing liver cancer drugs is that preclinical testing occurs in tumor models that do not accurately reflect human tumor features. Now, Singaporean researchers have grown organoids from liver tumors on specially engineered 3-D scaffolds. These organoids replicate important features of the original tumor, including genetic changes and intra-tumor heterogeneity, and could serve as tumor avatars for high-throughput drug screening.
Researchers have revealed that care discussions with older patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) do not routinely include the topic of conservative management. The study findings were published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.
A new study, published in the journal Science, has found that psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, autism, and bipolar disorder share common molecular characteristics, despite showing distinct variations in gene expression.
The dynamics of a couple's relationship, including the exclusivity of the partnership, the level of commitment to the partnership and participation in sexual decision-making with their partner, impact young adults' decisions related to contraceptive use, new research from Oregon State University shows.
New research in Pediatric Dermatology reports several cases of shingles that developed at the original vaccination site in healthy children after they were immunized against chicken pox.
African-Americans are far more likely than other Americans to be infected with HIV but far less likely to get life-saving treatments that stop the virus’ spread, a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report finds.
Prazosin does not alleviate distressing dreams among veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.