All news from Paediatrics

Researchers Restore Breathing, Partial Forelimb Function After Spinal Cord Injuries

Millions of people are living with chronic spinal cord injuries, with 250,000 to 500,000 new cases each year-most from vehicle crashes or falls. The most severe spinal cord injuries completely paralyze their victims and more than half impair a person's ability to breathe. Now, a breakthrough study published in  Nature Communications has demonstrated, in animal models of chronic injury, that long-term, devastating effects of spinal cord trauma on breathing and limb function may be reversible

Gut Microbiota-derived D-serine Protects Against Acute Kidney Injury

In this study, we show the pathophysiological role of D-serine in association with the gut microbiota in humans and mice with an acute kidney injury. The results demonstrate the renoprotective effects of D-serine derived from the gut microbiota; shed light on the interactions between the gut microbiota and the kidney, and highlight D-serine as a potential new therapeutic target and biomarker for acute kidney injury

IVF Linked to Lower Birth Weight And Child Growth

A study has linked babies conceived through a type of IVF to lower birth weight followed by increased growth after birth. The University of Manchester led a study of 5,200 IVF children found that singleton babies conceived from fresh embryo transfers -used in thirds of all IVF-are associated with lower birth weights, head circumference, and length, but then grow more quickly, catching up to naturally conceived children by school age