A team of researchers from several medical institutions in Australia and the U.K. has discovered how long it takes for a LEGO head to pass through the digestive tract of a normal healthy adult human. In their paper published in Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, the group explains their reasons for conducting the research and what they found
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Millions of people are living with chronic spinal cord injuries, with 250,000 to 500,000 new cases each year-most from vehicle crashes or falls. The most severe spinal cord injuries completely paralyze their victims and more than half impair a person's ability to breathe. Now, a breakthrough study published in Nature Communications has demonstrated, in animal models of chronic injury, that long-term, devastating effects of spinal cord trauma on breathing and limb function may be reversible
HealthDay) -Children with amblyopia report lower self-perception for scholastic, social, and athletic measures, which may be associated with slower reading speed and worse motor skills, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in JAMA Ophthalmology
Researchers have successfully managed to develop "mini placentas" or placenta organoids in the laboratories that could transform research of pregnancy, conception, stillbirth, miscarriages and pregnancy diseases and disorders. The results of the study developing these organoids have been published in the latest issue of the journal Nature
Can Benign Lymphoid Tissue Changes in 18F-FDG PET/CT Predict Response to Immunotherapy In Metastatic Melanoma?
An association between immune-related adverse events (irAEs) caused by immunotherapeutic agents and the clinical benefit of immunotherapy has been suggested. We retrospectively evaluated by means of 18 F-FDG PET / CT lymphoid tissue changes in the mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes and the spleen in response to ipilimumab administration in metastatic melanoma
In this study, we show the pathophysiological role of D-serine in association with the gut microbiota in humans and mice with an acute kidney injury. The results demonstrate the renoprotective effects of D-serine derived from the gut microbiota; shed light on the interactions between the gut microbiota and the kidney, and highlight D-serine as a potential new therapeutic target and biomarker for acute kidney injury
Studies have repeatedly linked maternal smoking during pregnancy with reduced sperm counts in male offspring. Now a research team at Lund University in Sweden has discovered that of nicotine exposure from the mother, whose fathers smoked at the time of pregnancy had half as many sperms as those with non-smoking fathers
The more often adolescents say they have seen adverts for e-cigarettes, the more often they use both e-cigarettes and smoke cigarettes, according to a study published in ERJ Open Research .
A Chinese researcher who claims to have helped make the world's first genetically edited babies says a second pregnancy may be underway. The researcher, He Jiankui of Shenzhen, revealed the pregnancy Wednesday while making his first public comments about his controversial work at an international conference in Hong Kong
A study has linked babies conceived through a type of IVF to lower birth weight followed by increased growth after birth. The University of Manchester led a study of 5,200 IVF children found that singleton babies conceived from fresh embryo transfers -used in thirds of all IVF-are associated with lower birth weights, head circumference, and length, but then grow more quickly, catching up to naturally conceived children by school age
Sedation by dexmedetomidine is similar to natural sleep and often causes bradycardia. We attempted to determine the relationship of heart rate changes between natural sleep and dexmedetomidine sedation.