All news from Anaesthesiology

Isolation of Aggressive Cancer Stem Cells

The University of Texas at Dallas researchers have managed to formulate a new technique by which they can isolate aggressive cells which can be the main cause behind metastasized cancers or cancers that have spread to other major organs from their primary site of occurrence.

3D Hydrogel Scaffolds Transform Cells into Muscle

Australian biomedical engineers have successfully produced a 3D material that mimics nature to transform cells into muscle. The researchers have for the first time incorporated the natural processes of embryonic development to build a material that can more naturally communicate with stem cells for effective tissue repair.

Radioactive Isotope used to Detect Cancer

In a cornfield here, past the shuttered General Motors plant and the Janesville Terrace trailer home park, a facility not seen in the U.S. in three decades could soon rise a manufacturing plant that will make a vital radioactive isotope used to detect cancer and other potentially fatal maladies in millions of people every year.

New Light on Immune Cell Identity

Almost all cells in the human body have identical DNA sequences, yet there are 200-plus cell types with different sizes, shapes, and chemical compositions. Determining what parts of the genome are read to make protein and which are silenced is orchestrated by proteins called transcription factors. These regulate the availability of distinct stretches of DNA to be expressed as opposed to others that remain buried in tightly coiled structures called chromatin.

Aspirin, Rivaroxaban Similar After Arthroplasty

Among patients who underwent total hip or total knee arthroplasty, aspirin did not differ significantly from rivaroxaban (Xarelto, Janssen Pharmaceutica) for prevention of proximal deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, after both groups received a 5-day course of rivaroxaban immediately after surgery, a large trial found.