All news from Anaesthesiology

NHPS: Boost for India’s Ailing Health Sector

The government has presently announced “world’s largest government funded health care programme” titled National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) to cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families. The scheme will give “coverage up to Rs 5 lakh per family every year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization”. This can be seen as a follow-up and expansion of a similar announcement made in 2016-17 budget.

To Examine Abnormally Expressed lncRNAs And In Vocal Cord Leukoplakia

In this study, researchers used microarrays to investigate the aberrantly expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in vocal cord leukoplakia and adjacent non-neoplastic tissues. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in tumorigenesis. Vocal cord leukoplakia is a precancerous lesion in otolaryngological practice. Till now, the expression patterns and functions of lncRNAs in vocal cord leukoplakia have not been well understood.

Schistosomiasis: Complete Analysis Requires an Alternative Method

The WHO recommends using the Kato-Katz technique to detect detect intestinal schistosome infections. This technique analyzes slides of fecal matter. But the approach often misses people who are infected with only a low burden of parasites and, as a consequence, shed only a few eggs in fecal samples. Researchers have now analyzed the efficacy of other testing approaches in a setting with low parasite burden; their results appear in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Dexmedetomidine as an Adjuvant in Regional Anesthesia

This study compared an addition of dexmedetomidine prolonged the duration of analgesia as well as to compare the two techniques. The primary objective was to assess whether addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine prolonged the duration of analgesia. The secondary objective was to compare between scalp nerve block and scalp infiltration as techniques for pain relief. Scalp infiltration and scalp block are being used to manage postcraniotomy pain. Dexmedetomidine has been successfully used as an adjuvant in regional anesthesia.

Kids after Heart Surgery and Mortality Risks

Children from low-income neighborhoods had a higher mortality rate and higher hospital costs after heart surgery compared with those from higher-income neighborhoods, found a national study of more than 86,000 kids with congenital heart disease. The magnitude of the neighborhood effect, which persisted even after accounting for race, type of insurance, and hospital, was similar for children of all disease severities. The findings were published online today in Pediatrics.

New Immune System Regulator Discovered

Researchers in Finland have discovered a new regulator of the immune system, a key factor that controls development of regulatory T cells. The discovery provides basis for new strategies for the treatment of both cancer and immune-mediated diseases. The study was published in the Cell Reports journal.