The government has presently announced “world’s largest government funded health care programme” titled National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) to cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families. The scheme will give “coverage up to Rs 5 lakh per family every year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization”. This can be seen as a follow-up and expansion of a similar announcement made in 2016-17 budget.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) urged for a further scale up of health services for nearly 1.3 million people in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh as vulnerable populations remain at risk of disease and are in need of critical services for survival.
A nuclear imaging technique could detect recurrences of prostate cancer before routine testing, allowing clinicians and patients the chance to tackle metastasis before it becomes life-threatening, according to research out of the University of California, Los Angeles.
In this study, researchers used microarrays to investigate the aberrantly expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in vocal cord leukoplakia and adjacent non-neoplastic tissues. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in tumorigenesis. Vocal cord leukoplakia is a precancerous lesion in otolaryngological practice. Till now, the expression patterns and functions of lncRNAs in vocal cord leukoplakia have not been well understood.
A team of researchers, led by David Calkins, vice chair and director of Research at the Vanderbilt Eye Institute, has made a breakthrough discovery in the field of glaucoma showing new hopes for treatments to preserve vision.
A recent Journal of Bone and Mineral Research analysis indicates that screening for fracture risk in older postmenopausal women is a good use of healthcare resources—in other words, it's cost-effective. The current study aims to use resource-use and outcome data collected as part of the SCOOP study to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the SCOOP screening intervention over a 5-year time horizon.
Scientists don't agree on when and how this dramatic increase took place, but new analysis of 94 hominin fossils shows that average brain size increased gradually and consistently over the past three million years. Modern humans have brains that are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos. This study has published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society.
The WHO recommends using the Kato-Katz technique to detect detect intestinal schistosome infections. This technique analyzes slides of fecal matter. But the approach often misses people who are infected with only a low burden of parasites and, as a consequence, shed only a few eggs in fecal samples. Researchers have now analyzed the efficacy of other testing approaches in a setting with low parasite burden; their results appear in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
A study of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) suggests that non-adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is significantly associated with increased 30-day hospital readmissions. The study results are published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.
This study compared an addition of dexmedetomidine prolonged the duration of analgesia as well as to compare the two techniques. The primary objective was to assess whether addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine prolonged the duration of analgesia. The secondary objective was to compare between scalp nerve block and scalp infiltration as techniques for pain relief. Scalp infiltration and scalp block are being used to manage postcraniotomy pain. Dexmedetomidine has been successfully used as an adjuvant in regional anesthesia.
Children from low-income neighborhoods had a higher mortality rate and higher hospital costs after heart surgery compared with those from higher-income neighborhoods, found a national study of more than 86,000 kids with congenital heart disease. The magnitude of the neighborhood effect, which persisted even after accounting for race, type of insurance, and hospital, was similar for children of all disease severities. The findings were published online today in Pediatrics.
Researchers in Finland have discovered a new regulator of the immune system, a key factor that controls development of regulatory T cells. The discovery provides basis for new strategies for the treatment of both cancer and immune-mediated diseases. The study was published in the Cell Reports journal.