All news from Anaesthesiology

Scientists Succeed to Trace 6,000 Year-old History of Tobacco Use

A research team from Washington State University has shown for the first time that nicotine residue can be extracted from plaque, also known as "dental calculus," on the teeth of ancient tobacco users. The research provides a new method that could help trace the ancient use of tobacco and other intoxicating plants further back into prehistory. The study findings were published in Journal of Archaeological Science Reports.

Potential Treatment for Disorders Involving Excess Red Blood Cells

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have cured mice with Chuvash polycythemia, a life-threatening disorder that involves the overproduction of red blood cells. They treated the mice using Tempol, an experimental drug being studied for the treatment of diabetes, cancer and other diseases. The findings offer hope that Tempol or a similar drug may treat polycythemias that affect humans, such as mountain sickness—a serious blood complication experienced in low-oxygen, high-altitude settings. The study appears in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Delirium in the ICU And Long-Term Cognitive Decline are Linked

Critically ill patients who experience long periods of hypoxic, septic or sedative-associated delirium, or a combination of the three, during an intensive care unit (ICU) stay are more likely to have long-term cognitive impairment one year after discharge from the hospital, according to a new study from the University of Pittsburgh and Vanderbilt University. This is the first study to show more than half of patients with acute respiratory failure or shock, or both, develop multiple sub-categories of delirium with lasting effects.

Insights Of Graves' Orbitopathy

In this study, researchers found the ongoing clinical challenge of treating moderate-to-severe Graves' orbitopathy show some potential benefits from the addition of mycophenolate mofetil to the standard of care, methylprednisolone, no benefit from the addition of radiotherapy to oral steroids. The study has published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Effect On The Functional Networks Of A Child's Brain

A new study has demonstrated that premature birth has a significant and, at the same time, a very selective effect on the functional networks of a child's brain. The results can primarily be seen in the frontal lobe, which is significant for cognitive functions. Premature birth is globally the most critical risk factor for lifetime disorders and defects in neurocognitive functions.