All news from Anaesthesiology

Machine Learning Techniques: Support Medical Decisions

Several studies demonstrate how the computer science technique known as machine learning can be used to accurately predict clinical outcomes in patients with known or potential heart problems. Collectively, the findings suggest that machine learning may usher in a new era in digital health care tools capable of enhancing health care delivery by aiding routine processes and helping physicians assess patients' risk.

Wim Hof Method: The Iceman Unusual Resistance to Cold

Dutch adventurer Wim Hof is known as 'The Iceman' for good reason. Hof established several world records for prolonged resistance to cold exposure, an ability he attributes to a self-developed set of techniques of breathing and meditation — known as the Wim Hof Method. Yet, how his brain responds during cold exposure and what brain mechanisms may endow him with this resistance have not been studied — until now.

Transgenic Ticks to Fight Tick-Borne Diseases

Monika Gulia-Nuss, assistant professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Nevada, Reno, is working on generating transgenic ticks in her lab, the first of their kind, in order to explore new targets for vector control. Vector control is any strategic method used to limit organisms that spread disease pathogens, such as Lyme disease.

Transformation of India into An R&D Powerhouse

John Wiley and Sons Inc. (NYSE:JW-A) (NYSE:JW-B), announced that Peter Booth Wiley (Chairman Emeritus, Wiley), Matthew Kissner (Chairman of the Board, Wiley) and Vikas Gupta (Managing Director of Wiley, India), discussed the future of research and learning in India at the 32nd International Publishers Association (IPA) Congress. The company's top leaders discussed opportunities to build science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) capacity in India.

Exertional Heat Stroke in Athletes and Prehospital Care

According to a new article, athletes who suffer life-threatening heat stroke should be cooled on site before they are taken to the hospital. The principle of 'cool first, transport second' differs from the usual practice of calling 911 and getting to the hospital as soon as possible.

Imaging in Diabetic Retinopathy Improved

Visualization of the retinal vasculature in patients with diabetic retinopathy is improved with swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) with extended field imaging (EFI), and the technique also affords greater patient comfort than the usual fluorescein angiography (FA), researchers report.

New Approach in Developing an Effective Influenza Vaccine

Developing a universal influenza vaccine — a vaccine that can provide durable protection for all age groups against multiple influenza strains, including those that might cause a pandemic — is a priority for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. Writing in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, NIAID officials detail the Institute's new strategic plan for addressing the research areas essential to creating a safe and effective universal influenza vaccine.

New Innovations Helped Bone Marrow Transplant Patients

Leukemia can be a terrifying diagnosis for the more than 60,000 U.S. patients who are told they have this blood cancer every year. But the treatment for this disease can be just as frightening.

For patients with certain forms of leukemia, the only chance they have for a cure is to receive a massive dose of radiation and chemotherapy that kills their hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), the cells responsible for making new blood, and then receive new HSCs from a healthy donor.

Iron Removal: Potential Cancer Therapy

Researchers at Okayama University report in Oncotarget a promising method for targeting cancer stem cells that cause tumor growth and cancer relapse. The approach involves administering molecules that capture iron, an overload of which is known to be a potential cause of cancer.