All news from Anaesthesiology

Patients At High?Risk For OSA Undergoing Ear, Nose, And Throat Surgeries

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be related to episodes of oxygen de?saturation, hypercapnia, cardiovascular dysfunction, cor?pulmonale, and pulmonary hypertension. STOP?BANG is an acronym for eight specific questions used to assess the likelihood of OSA. If the individual exhibits three or more of these indicators, he/she should be considered to be at high risk for OSA complications. Therefore, the decision of proceeding with inpatient versus outpatient ENT surgery still remains controversial. The primary objective of the study was to identify and correlate desaturation (SPO2 <90%) episodes and risk factors.

Big Opportunity to Improve Outcomes for Head Injury Patients

Patients who sustain severe head injuries tend to have better outcomes if they are taken to a designated trauma center, but 44% of them are first taken to hospitals without these specialized care capabilities, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Implantable Medical Devices Bolstered

A new discovery could underpin a new class of implantable devices that provide biological signals to surrounding tissue for better integration with the body and reduced risk of infection. The team has developed low-cost, practical techniques to guide and attach peptides to surfaces.

Medicine increasingly relies on biomedical devices but their effectiveness is often limited because of unsuccessful integration with the host, necessitating replacement through revision surgery, or the development of untreatable infections.

Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention

Nearly 90% of participants in an open-label study of a vaginal ring infused with a drug to prevent HIV are using the monthly ring at least some of the time, according to an interim analysis of study data. In addition, the rate of HIV infection among participants in the open-label study, which has no placebo arm for comparison, is half of what might be expected in the absence of the ring, according to mathematical modeling.

Lung cancer: Clustering of Multi-Parametric Functional Imaging

The researchers aimed to derive a methodology to combine multiple functional imaging techniques to identify high-risk tumour subregions in NSCLC patients treated with (chemo)radiotherapy. Therefore, we developed a data-driven clustering approach to correlate the subregions to patient prognosis using FDG PET/CT to quantify metabolic activity, HX4 PET/CT to visualize hypoxia, and dynamic contract-enhanced CT (DCE-CT) to assess tumor vasculature.