All news from Anaesthesiology

Overproduction of Erythropoietin in Blood

A newly-discovered hereditary mutation is responsible for an increased production of erythropoietin (EPO) in the blood. This mutation causes a messenger RNA (mRNA) that is not normally involved in the formation of proteins to be reprogrammed so that it produces EPO, thus abnormally increasing the number of red blood cells. The study findings are reported in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Examine The Eagerness Of Scots To Carry Out CPR

According to a new study, researchers examined a half of the Scottish adult population does not feel confident administering CPR – and more than a fifth do not know when it is required. The study, which has been welcomed by the Scottish Government, is the first to examine the readiness and willingness of Scots to carry out cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Experts believe the work could help to explain why our survival rates from cardiac arrest are poor when compared to other countries.

Ineffectiveness of Bag-Mask Ventilation for OHCA Patients

In a randomized trial of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), bag-mask ventilation (BMV) was associated with the same rate of 28-day functional survival as seen with endotracheal intubation (ETI) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) but failed to meet the statistical criteria necessary to demonstrate noninferiority.

Childhood Obesity Can be Averted by Preventing 'Fatty Liver' in Fetus

An obese pregnant mother and exposure to a high fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy produces a "fatty liver" in the fetus, potentially predisposing children to obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders later in life, according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology.  The understanding of cellular mechanisms involved in laying down fat in the liver of a fetus — leading to a "fatty liver" — is essential to developing strategies to combat childhood obesity.

ATTUNE Revision Knee System was Introduced

DePuy Synthes, part of the Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies, today announced the US launch of the ATTUNE® Revision Knee System, to complement the ATTUNE Primary Knee System and provide surgeons with a comprehensive solution for knee replacement.

The ATTUNE Revision Knee System is being introduced at the 2018 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA.

Trogarzo Approved for Patients with Multidrug-Resistant HIV

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Trogarzo (ibalizumab-uiyk), a new type of antiretroviral medication for adult patients living with HIV who have tried multiple HIV medications in the past and whose HIV infections cannot be successfully treated with other currently available therapies.

Trogarzo is administered intravenously once every 14 days by a trained medical professional and used in combination with other antiretroviral medications.

Technology-based Program Boosts Cardiac Rehab Referral

Philadelphia researchers established a system of alerts based on electronic medical records to identify patients who qualify for cardiac rehabilitation at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Simply changing cardiac referral processes to opt-out rather than opt-in significantly increased referral rates, according to the study presented at the American College of Cardiology's NCDR Annual Conference (NCDR.18) in Orlando.

Mosquito Gut: Key to Preventing Dengue and Zika

A mosquito's ability to replicate and transmit a virus depends on the metabolic environment of tissues in its midgut: the primary site of infection. By targeting the sphingolipid pathway, which links together several pathways important for cell signaling and subcellular structure that are altered by the virus infection, researchers could devise strategies that stall viral replication in the mosquito and prevent its transmission to humans.