The millions of cellular machines called ribosomes, which translate the genetic code carried by DNA into proteins, have long been thought to all be identical. A new study published in the journal Science Advances suggests that genetic variation in ribosomal RNA, the most essential component of the ribosome, may influence how much and which proteins are made. This finding could explain why ribosomal genes have been linked to developmental disorders.
All news from Anaesthesiology
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) identified thirdhand smoke, the toxic residues that linger on indoor surfaces and in dust long after a cigarette has been extinguished, as a health hazard nearly 10 years ago. Now a new study has found that it also increases lung cancer risk in mice.
Researchers have shown an innovative antibody delivery method could be an effective way to prevent and treat Ebola infection. They demonstrated that delivering a monoclonal antibody gene to a cell through a viral vector — a process that bypasses the need for the host to generate a natural immune response — provided up to 100% protection against infection in mice. The mice expressed the antibody for more than 300 days.Their findings were published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
A new study, published in the journal PLoS Pathogens, suggest that deleting a single gene from mosquitoes can make them highly resistant to the malaria parasite and thus much less likely to transmit the parasite to humans. The findings were
India has one of the highest rates of type 2 diabetes in the world, and there is now "growing national and international concern" about the drug regulatory system there, which allows use of a drug treatment that has not been shown effective or safe, say researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the U.K.'s Newcastle University in a paper published today in the British Medical Journal.
A new study presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) looked at primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions among high-level athletes, and found that a return to play checklist decreased the incidence of injury to the knee following ACL reconstruction.
Research has linked childhood abuse to many adverse health outcomes in adulthood, including premature mortality, but according to new Northwestern University research, supportive relationships in midlife can partly compensate for the mortality risks linked to childhood abuse. "Midlife self-reported social support as a buffer against premature mortality risks associated with childhood abuse" was published in Nature Human Behaviour.
The National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, projects the number of Americans affected by glaucoma will more than double between 2010 and 2050, from 2.7 million to 6.3 million.
A sizable percentage of elderly patients with blood-related cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma are apt to show signs of diminished cognitive functioning, a decline that may impact their survival, a new study by investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) indicates.
A new study performed has linked exposure to air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in children and pollution levels related to brain alterations were below the safe level
In a large representative British population of individuals in their late 60s, the prevalence of urinary incontinence was 15% in men and 54% in women. In the BJU International analysis, urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) was the most common subtype in men, while there were similar proportions of UUI and stress urinary incontinence in women.