All news from Anaesthesiology

Genetic Variation in Ribosomal RNA May Have Health Implications

The millions of cellular machines called ribosomes, which translate the genetic code carried by DNA into proteins, have long been thought to all be identical. A new study published in the journal Science Advances suggests that genetic variation in ribosomal RNA, the most essential component of the ribosome, may influence how much and which proteins are made. This finding could explain why ribosomal genes have been linked to developmental disorders.

Thirdhand Smoke Aggrevates Lung Cancer

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) identified thirdhand smoke, the toxic residues that linger on indoor surfaces and in dust long after a cigarette has been extinguished, as a health hazard nearly 10 years ago. Now a new study has found that it also increases lung cancer risk in mice.

Ebola: New Approach to Potentially Fight the Infecction

Researchers have shown an innovative antibody delivery method could be an effective way to prevent and treat Ebola infection. They demonstrated that delivering a monoclonal antibody gene to a cell through a viral vector — a process that bypasses the need for the host to generate a natural immune response — provided up to 100% protection against infection in mice. The mice expressed the antibody for more than 300 days.Their findings were published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Diabetes Medicines in India: Experts Call for Action

India has one of the highest rates of type 2 diabetes in the world, and there is now "growing national and international concern" about the drug regulatory system there, which allows use of a drug treatment that has not been shown effective or safe, say researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the U.K.'s Newcastle University in a paper published today in the British Medical Journal.

Re-injury for Athletes Following ACL Reconstruction Reduced

A new study presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) looked at primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions among high-level athletes, and found that a return to play checklist decreased the incidence of injury to the knee following ACL reconstruction.

Mortality risks Linked to Childhood Abuse Minimized With Midlife Support

Research has linked childhood abuse to many adverse health outcomes in adulthood, including premature mortality, but according to new Northwestern University research, supportive relationships in midlife can partly compensate for the mortality risks linked to childhood abuse. "Midlife self-reported social support as a buffer against premature mortality risks associated with childhood abuse" was published in Nature Human Behaviour.