According to this study, researchers examined the cost of ageing are of concern to us all, especially when considering the likelihood of developing wrinkles. They are not only a hallmark of ageing but also play a fundamental role, they will physically interact with many products and devices, from moisturiser cream and make up to razor and the fabrics of our clothes.
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Researchers from The Forsyth Institute, a global leader in oral health research, today announced they have added over 80 species to generate the expanded Human Oral Microbiome Database (eHOMD), an online index of microbial species present in the mouth and respiratory tract, including the nasal passages and throat. The database is now home to 772 species and has put Forsyth researchers on the forefront of identifying and capturing the full genomic information of all species that comprise the human oral and upper respiratory tract microbiome.
A new study published in the journal Neuron suggest that high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging of the brain can be used to show some of the underlying causes of differences in memory proficiency between older and younger adults, and which may indicate early stages of diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia.
No advantages, clinical or otherwise, were seen from liberal use of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to keep hemoglobin levels up in patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery, in a randomized noninferiority trial with more than 4800 patients. The study is published in the American Heart Association (AHA) 2017 Scientific Sessions.
A new study published in New England Journal of Medicine suggest that quadrupling the dose of inhaled steroids temporarily when asthma control begins to deteriorate could reduce the risk of a severe asthma attack.
Kidasha, an organization working for the better future of severely disadvantaged children living in crisis and chronic poverty in Nepal, has called for concerted efforts to provide better protection and development opportunities for Nepali children at risk especially in the rapidly growing, sprawling urban centers.
According to findings from the Spanish Sleep Network, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves cardiac structure and function to a greater extent than CPAP in patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS).
In a step toward better diagnosis and treatment of digestive conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, scientists report in ACS Biomaterials & Engineering that they have developed a first-of-its-kind collagen-based membrane for use in microchips.
The membrane is more natural than others that are available, and it could allow organs-on-chips to more accurately replicate how healthy intestinal cells become diseased and how they react to drug treatments.
Patients with schizophrenia are considered to have many risk factors for the development of cancer. But the incidence of breast cancer in women with schizophrenia compared with the general population remains uncertain. A new study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, evaluate the link between schizophrenia and the risk of breast cancer, and found that incidence of breast cancer is higher among women with schizophrenia than the incidence among the general female population.
University of Glasgow are leading new tests into the viability of using an innovative, new microwave system to treat human papillomavirus (HPV).
Metabolic changes in cells can occur at the earliest stages of the disease. In most cases, knowledge of those signals is limited, since we usually detect disease only after it has done significant damage.
Researchers have opened a window into the cell by developing an optical tool that can read metabolism at subcellular resolution, without having to perturb cells with contrast agents or destroy them to conduct assays. As reported in Science Advances, the researchers were able to use the method to identify specific metabolic signatures that could arise in diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.