The most popular flu drug oseltamivir — commonly known as Tamiflu — does not cause an increased risk of suicide in pediatric patients, a new study published in the Annals of Family Medicine suggests.
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The study has shown that exclusive breastfeeding during the first few days of life is positively associated with longer-term breastfeeding, while in-hospital formula use is associated with breastfeeding for a significantly shorter duration
Exposure to childhood violence is linked to psychiatric disorders, according to a study published in Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry. The results showed that having experienced any traumatic event and low socioeconomic status were associated with an internalizing disorder such as depression and anxiety and an externalizing disorder including attention-deficit hyperactivity.
Researchers have developed an innovative method that seeks to improve the quality of chest compressions and established an algorithm to guide an effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuver. Based on chest acceleration, it calculates the depth and frequency at which the chest compressions are being performed. The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.
A new study, published in the Journal of Physiology, helps explain why people experience muscle loss in old age — a condition that increases people’s risk of frailty and disability — increasing the prospects of reversing the condition in the future.
According to study, research analyzed that group of gut bacteria by a diet high in diverse fibers led to better blood glucose control, greater weight loss and better lipid levels in people with type 2 diabetes. The fight against type 2 diabetes may soon improve thanks to a pioneering high-fiber die. The study was published in Science.
Among patients with persistently high cholesterol despite high-intensity statin therapy, the proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin 9 inhibitor alirocumab reduced rates of major adverse cardiovascular events by 15% compared with placebo. The drug's effect was even greater for patients at highest risk those who started the study with LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, of 100 mg/dL or higher who saw a 24% reduction in cardiovascular events, including heart attack and stroke, compared with placebo.
A new study reveals that acupuncture is a safe alternative to drugs and is under-researched because of a lack of commercial interest, while another study found no convincing evidence of clinical benefit and potential risks of the procedure. So should doctors recommend acupuncture for pain? Experts debate the issue in The BMJ.
According to a new study, researchers have invented a novel mechanism that is employed by humans to estimate their relative distance from sound sources. The ability to estimate distances to sound sources accurately can be crucial for survival. The investigation reveals that humans can perform this task more efficiently when they are allowed to move. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
In this study, researchers have invented a new existing microscopy methods to explore living brain tissue have been limited to imaging previously labelled cells. Microscopy is a basic tool in research into the biology of any organism given that the elements studied, the cells, are of microscopic and frequently nanoscopic size. The study was published in the scientific journal Cell.
In this study, researchers have found the stress of open-heart surgery significantly reduces patients' vitamin D levels, but aggressive supplementation with vitamin D3, just before and after surgery, can completely eliminate the observed drop in vitamin D. They conducted a study called ASSESS-D, in which they discovered two key findings related to vitamin D levels and open-heart surgery.
A new study, published in the journal Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, suggest that children with mitochondrial diseases who suffered acute metabolic strokes benefited from rapid intravenous treatment with the amino acid arginine, without any side effects with clinical improvements in symptoms such as seizures and partial paralysis.