According to a study, researchers examined wearing a lightweight vest equipped with a cardioverter defibrillator that detects abnormal heart rhythms in addition to taking recommended medications is associated with a reduction in the likelihood of dying during the first 90 days following a heart attack in people whose heart function was also impaired.
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Researchers have analyzed gene expression in synovial tissue from joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and identified three different synovial subtypes of rheumatoid arthritis that exhibit different mechanisms of pain. The study findings were published in the journal Arthritis and Rheumatology.
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued a clinical guideline for the use of whole-breast radiation therapy that expands the eligibility criteria for hypofractionated therapy.
A new study, led by by scientists at Saint Louis University determines the structure of a key protein that is involved in the body’s inflammatory response. The finding, published in Nature Communications, opens the door to developing new treatments for a wide range of illnesses, from heart disease, diabetes and cancer to neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson’s disease.
A new study, published in the journal CHEST, suggests that independent predictive factors of lung cancer in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may include the severity of COPD, airflow obstruction, visual emphysema, and frequency of respiratory exacerbations.
A new study published in the journal Biological Psychiatry suggest that men and women with major depressive disorder (MDD) have opposite changes in the expression of the same genes. The study findings indicate distinct pathology, and suggest that men and women may need different types of treatment for depression.
In this stduy, researchers observed taht untreated acne can cause low self-esteem and anxiety as well as permanent facial scars. Ignoring it or assuming kids will outgrow it can harm them physically and emotionally. Acne can also continue into the adult years, and be especially problematic for women. Mild cases with just a few blemishes or blackheads may respond in a month or two to over-the-counter drugstore products with ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
Researchers determined the role of explorative tympanotomy in patients with Profound Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) without clinical evidence of perilymphatic or labyrinthine fistula and to compare intraoperative findings with the postoperative hearing outcome. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) is defined as a unilateral decrease in pure tone audiogram of > 30 dB in at least 3 continuous frequencies over 3 days or less.
A new study, published in The Journal of Physiology, suggests that muscle wasting of old age follows on from changes in the nervous system. The findings may pave the way for reversing the condition in the future.
A 3D structure of chromatin plays a key role in genome function, including gene expression, DNA replication, chromosome segregation, and DNA repair. Furthermore, the location of genomic loci within the nucleus, especially relative to each other and nuclear structures such as the nuclear envelope and nuclear bodies strongly correlates with aspects of function such as gene expression.
According to study, researcher analyzed by binding and reshaping a baby's head may make today's parents cringe, but for families in the Andes between 1100-1450, cranial modification was all the rage. Like Chinese foot binding, the practice may have been a marker of group identity. The study was published in Current Anthropology.
A study describes the perspectives of healthcare providers on the nutritional management of patients on haemodialysis, which may inform strategies for improving patient-centred nutritional care. Nutritional management for patients on haemodialysis (HD) aims to optimise nutritional status, improve quality of life by minimising symptoms and complications related to excess dietary intake, and empower patients to manage their dietary needs.