All news from General Surgery

Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation: Effectiveness in Knee Cartilage Repairs

Isolated femoral condyle lesions account for 75% of the cartilage repair procedures performed in the knee joint, and physicians have a variety of techniques to consider as part of surgical treatment.

Osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) is a valuable and successful approach for this condition, as described by research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty Day in New Orleans.

Immune Cell Targeted Treatment For Sepsis

To maintain homeostasis, checkpoints must be in place to prevent inappropriate non-canonical inflammasome activation. oxPAPC, a novel Toll-like receptor (TLR4)-independent checkpoint regulator for non-canonical inflammasomes.

New Drug Shows Effective Treatment For PONV

In this study, researchers have established an advanced use of a known drug is showing promise as an effective treatment for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The drug, amisulpride, showed a statistically significant reduction in the occurrence of PONV, when used intraoperatively in combination with a standard anti-nausea treatment, in the 24 hours after surgery in high-risk patients. The study was published in the Journal of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

Emergency Care Systems In Low-Income And Middle-Income Countries

A study organized by strengthening Emergency Systems Program at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in collaboration with the African Federation of Emergency Medicine fills this gap, identifying 76 quality indicators for emergency care for use in critical care facilities in Africa. The need for emergency care in low-income and middle-income countries has never been greater, but until now, measurable indicators for providing this care have been lacking. The study was published in the British Medical Journal.

Microbes in Gut influence severity of parasitic intestinal infections

A new study indicates that the kinds of microbes living in the gut influence the severity and recurrence of parasitic worm infections in developing countries. Researchers recommend that manipulating the gut's microbial communities may protect against intestinal parasites, which affect more than 1 billion people worldwide. The study was published online in the journal Microbiome.