All news from Anaesthesiology

Genetic Variant Discovery Could Help Asthma and COPD Patients

A new study, published in the journal Lancet Respiratory Medicine, aimed to find genetic variants affecting susceptibility to corticosteroid-induced adrenal suppression. Research from the University of Liverpool identifies the genetic variant that could improve the safety and effectiveness of corticosteroids, drugs that are used to treat a range of common and rare conditions including asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Nuclear Receptor Defects in the Brain Linked to Autism

A portion of the hippocampus, called the dentate gyrus, responsible for memory and emotion, has been shown to be involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Now, a team of scientists suggest that defects in the nuclear receptor called LXRβ (Liver X receptor Beta) lead to abnormal development of the dentate gyrus and to behavioral changes characteristic for ASD.

Astronauts Exposed To Hazardous Radiation In Space

New research from the University of New Hampshire's Space Science Center cautions that the exposure to radiation is much higher than previously thought and could have severe implications for both astronauts and satellite technology. It might sound like something from a science fiction plot astronauts traveling into deep space being bombarded by cosmic rays, but radiation exposure is science fact. The study was published in the journal Space Weather.

Macrophages Could Be A Key Link To Remove Tattoo

A tattoo might be forever but the skin cells that carry the tattoo pigment are not. Instead, the researchers say, the cells could pass on the pigment to new cells when they die. The study suggests ways to improve the ability of laser surgery to remove unwanted tattoos.

Lung Cancer Therapy: Imaging Agent Predicts The Success

Doctors contemplating the best therapy for lung cancer patients may soon be able to predict the efficacy of a widely used lung cancer drug based on an imaging agent and a simple scan, according to the findings of a new clinical trial co-led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The findings of the trial will be published in Science Translational Medicine.