A perspective in PLOS Medicine suggests that people with HIV who achieve viral suppression with antiretroviral therapy can avoid sexual transmission of HIV without using condoms, a significant study that lends hope that the "treatment as prevention" method can stop the spread of the HIV infection.
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According to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, emergency patients are too often given head CT to check for skull fractures and brain hemorrhage, leading to unnecessary heath care costs and patient exposure to radiation.
The study aims to examine the association between health service use and diarrhoea management approaches among children aged 0–5 years in Nepal using nationally representative data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011.
Researchers also provide insights into the three main diarrhoeal management approaches used by Nepalese government in order to be able to recommend the changes necessary for the successful implementation of the national diarrheal disease control program.
Bronchial thermoplasty, a novel treatment for severe asthma, may be worth considering for patients with severe asthmatic cough who do not respond to conventional asthma therapies, data from a recent case report suggest.
The programme specifically aimed to strengthen national capacity to document HIV prevention programmatic learnings from India and to disseminate evidence to wide audiences through the publication of evidence-based papers in peer-reviewed journals.
The study describes the implementation of the documentation programme and the strategies adopted to enhance the capacity of individuals to document and publish HIV prevention programme learnings and discusses the outcomes of the initiative.
A major international survey has found that around a quarter of patients are not receiving the recommended treatment for cancer of the penis. It also found that these patients had half the survival rate of those who were treated according to guidelines.
The study, presented at the EAU conference in Copenhagen, finds that non-adherence is partly due to patients refusing treatment, or doctors being reluctant to treat appropriately or being unfamiliar with the best procedures.
The emotional and sexual abuse that some children endure can lead them to commit crimes later in life. But when children achieve good grades and do not skip school, the likelihood of self-reported, chronic criminal behaviors declines significantly, according to researchers at the University of Michigan and University of Washington.
Scientists in Cairns (Australia) and Cardiff (Wales) have taken an important first step towards solving two problems that hinder access to vaccines: they need to be kept cool, and no one likes needles.
Intravenous bevacizumab should be considered as a first-line therapy for the treatment of refractory bleeding in patients with severe hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, reports Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Women bicycle riders are more likely to experience urinary tract infections, genital numbness, and saddle sores, but not more likely to have serious sexual and urinary symptoms than non-cyclists. In fact, high-intensity female cyclists had better sexual function, according to a new study led by UC San Francisco. The study will is published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Researchers aimed to confirm that the routine use of historical platelet counts for programming apheresis collection machines would maintain platelet yields within the donated units and that haematology analysers could be removed.