All news from Anaesthesiology

Discovery of Novel Gene for Familial Breast Cancer

An international team found a gene known as EDC4, which involved in the familial breast cancer. The study was led by Dr. Jordi Surrallés, director of the Genetics Service at the Hospital de Sant Pau and professor of Genetics at the UAB, and by Dr. Miquel Àngel Pujana, director of the ProCURE Research Program of the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO, IDIBELL).

Management of DDH in Infants

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Board of Directors approved new Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Management of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in Infants up to Six Months of Age. In babies and children with developmental dislocation (dysplasia) of the hip, the hip "ball and socket" joint is not formed normally and may easily be dislocated.

The AUC is also the first to provide an online diagnostic tool for management of DDH customized for both generalists and referring physicians and orthopaedic specialists to better detect and determine appropriate treatments for the nonoperative management of DDH.

Study Uncover the Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Wound Healing

Researchers at the Penn Dental Medicine set out to determine whether and how gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) play a role in accelerated wound healing. The findings, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, indicating that these cells secrete tiny vesicles packed with signaling proteins, point the way forward for therapeutic strategies that aim to harness the prowess of stem cells to treat delayed wound healing.

Pseudotumor Cerebri Possible Implications In Microgravity

The visual impairment and intracranial pressure (VIIP) syndrome is a neuro-ophthalmologic condition described in astronauts returning from long-duration space missions. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is characterized by a chronic elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of an intracranial mass lesion.

Because VIIP and IIH share some neurologic and ophthalmologic manifestations, the latter might be used as a model to study some of the processes underlying VIIP. Human space exploration involves multi-system health risks.