All news from Pathology & Microbiology

Fecal Profiling: Tool To Predict Responses Of IBS

Fecal profiling of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) might provide a low-cost tool to predict the responses of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients to diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs).

Therapeutic Immunomodulation In Heart Failure

The early cardiac infiltration of monocyte-derived macrophages contributes to the development of pathological hypertrophy and fibrosis, required for the expansion of cardiac and lymphoid CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and the transition to heart failure.

New Types Of Wound Dressing Using Nanofiber

Researchers have established two new types of wound dressing based on naturally occurring proteins in humans and animals, that dramatically increase healing rates and improve tissue regeneration. The two nanofiber dressings were developed by researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson. The study was published in Biomaterials.

Australians Are Unaware Of Sun Protection And Prone To Skin Cancer

A new study from Cancer Council Australia has shown that despite bearing the brunt of the hot sun’s UV rays and being prone to skin cancer, Australians are largely unaware of the protective uses of sunscreen and fail to adopt sunscreen application practices correctly. The study revealed that most Australians (92 percent) do not know that they need to be protecting themselves from the harsh rays of the sun when the UV levels are three or above.

Cause of Spaceflight Induced Immunodeficiency

Spaceflight presents a spectrum of stresses very different from those associated with terrestrial conditions. The previous study integrated the expressions of mRNAs, microRNAs, and proteins and results indicated that microgravity induces an immunosuppressive state that can facilitate the opportunistic pathogenic attack. However, the existing data are not sufficient for elucidating the molecular drivers of the given immunosuppressed state.

A Vital Protein and Its Functions

Researchers have developed and described a llama-antibody that might have a significant impact on future diagnostics and treatment of, e.g., kidney diseases. The research team has studied an important protein, called C3, from the part of the innate immune system known as the complement system. Upon recognition of pathogenic organisms or dying cells from our own body, C3 is cleaved by blood enzymes as part of a defense mechanism.