The Strengthening Emergency Systems Program conducted a study at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in collaboration with the African Federation of Emergency Medicine fills this gap, identifying 76 quality indicators for emergency care for use in critical care facilities in Africa. The study was published in the British Medical Journal.
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Researchers at the University of Calgary have developed a portable brain-imaging system that uses Infrared to detect and determine the extent of damage and the long-term consequences of concussions, one of the most talked injuries in sports today. The new device was demonstrated in the study published in the Journal of Neurotrauma.
Research estimates that the prevalence of diabetes has increased almost 10-fold in China since the early 1980s, with one in 10 adults in China now affected by diabetes. Although adiposity is the major modifiable risk factor for diabetes. A study in China suggests this can explain only about 50% of the increase in diabetes prevalence over recent decades, suggesting other lifestyle factors, including smoking, may play a role in the etiology of diabetes.
Scientists from Saint Louis University have discovered new causes of the cellular decline in prematurely aging kids with rare and fatal diseases. The data, published in the Cell Reports, points to cellular replication stress and a mistaken innate immune response as culprits, and the team found success in the laboratory in blocking these processes with vitamin D.
Researchers from the University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center have reported that escalating inhaled steroid dosages from the normal dose early in an asthma flare-up failed to prevent exacerbations or minimize severity in children with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma.
A meta-analysis study by University of Cincinnati researchers shows for the first time that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may be the more effective antidepressant treatment for pediatric anxiety disorder. The findings were published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
According to a study, researchers evaluated that adults with type 2 diabetes who lost at least 30% of their maximum body weight had increased risks for fragility fractures and any fracture compared with those who lost less weight. The study was published in Diabetes Care.
A new study, published in American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology (AJP-HCP), suggest that medicine that slows balding and stimulates hair growth also may make stiff vessels more stretchy and improve blood flow to vital organs like the brain.
A new study, published in The BMJ, suggests that ancient martial art of tai chi is good or better than more rigorous forms of aerobic exercise for managing the symptoms of chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia.
Improved cognitive function and similar rates of stroke and bleeding occur using either apixaban or warfarin during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation, according to the results of a study presented in a European Society of Cardiology (ESC) press release. The study shows that apixaban is a safe alternative to warfarin in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.
The Queen's University researchers demonstrated for the first time how molecular analysis of clinical trial biopsy samples can be used to help clinicians identify the key changes that occur in an individual patient's colorectal tumor prior to surgery, so clinicians can better understand and treat the disease. The study, published in the Journal of Pathology, hope that this 'personalised medicine' approach could ultimately improve the prognosis and quality of life for bowel cancer patients.
A new study, published in the journal Palliative Medicine, has highlighted the importance of assessing the support needs of family caregivers before dying patients are discharged from hospital so that carers are better prepared for the end of life caregiving at home.