A switch has been discovered that instructs blood vessel cells to become blood stem cells during embryonic development in mice. Using single-cell technology, researchers discovered that two sets of specific factors in the cells work against each other, and when the balance of these changes, the vascular tube cells convert to free blood cells.
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For parents with an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), preferences for parent-centered decision making are positively associated with decisions that involve big-picture goals and have the potential to harm the infant, according to a study published online in JAMA Pediatrics.
A variety of neurosurgical procedures are performed with the aid of smartphone-endoscope integration. The smartphone takes the place of a camera and video monitor. It is easy to use, more cost-effective and provides the surgeon with a more intuitive and fluid method of performing neuro-endoscopy.
In a new Johns Hopkins study, researchers have added to evidence that Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), the world's most common curable sexually transmitted infection (STI), disproportionately affects the black community.
According to a new multicenter randomized trial from France, in monitoring colorectal cancer (CRC) patients after curative-intent surgery, the use of more sophisticated and sensitive imaging does not decrease subsequent failure rates compared to use of older technology. The study was published online in the Annals of Oncology.
When it comes to treating teens and adults with persistent asthma, using a single corticosteroid and long-acting bronchodilator treatment for both daily asthma control and for rescue relief during sudden asthma attacks is more effective than taking separate medications for daily control and rescue, according to an analysis led by University of Connecticut researchers. The findings appear in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
A new study of pregnant women in the Caribbean further confirms that Zika virus causes birth defects, particularly if infection occurs early in pregnancy.
New behavioral neuroscience research suggests there's likely a connection between heading the ball in soccer and brain imbalance.
According to a new analysis from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, a resurgence of mumps in the U.S. among vaccinated young adults appears to be due to the waning of vaccine-induced immunity.
Researchers found that vaccine-derived immune protection against mumps persists an average of about 27 years after the last dose. The findings suggest that, in addition to the currently recommended two doses of mumps vaccine in childhood, the third dose at age 18 or booster shots may help sustain protection among adults. The study is published in Science Translational Medicine.
Many wives of advanced prostate cancer sufferers feel that their lives are being undermined by their husband’s illness, with nearly half reporting that their own health suffered. In addition, a focus subgroup has revealed that many feel isolated and fearful, and worry about the role change in their lives as their husband’s cancer advances.
This study, developed with the wives of men with metastatic prostate cancer who were being treated with hormone therapy, is amongst the first carried out on how prostate cancer affects the partners of sufferers. It was presented yesterday at the EAU conference in Copenhagen.
Unique design features, extended range of stem sizes and improved surgical instruments help achieve a precise fit to serve a broader patient population
According to the research young children who sustain a severe head injury around ages 3 to 7 are three and a half times more likely to develop attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as they grow older