All news from Anaesthesiology

Single-cell technology: Blood Vessels Converted to Blood Stem Cells

A switch has been discovered that instructs blood vessel cells to become blood stem cells during embryonic development in mice. Using single-cell technology, researchers discovered that two sets of specific factors in the cells work against each other, and when the balance of these changes, the vascular tube cells convert to free blood cells.

PET-CT Not Better for Monitoring CRC Patients

According to a new multicenter randomized trial from France, in monitoring colorectal cancer (CRC) patients after curative-intent surgery, the use of more sophisticated and sensitive imaging does not decrease subsequent failure rates compared to use of older technology. The study was published online in the Annals of Oncology.

Asthma: Effectiveness of Single Steroid-Bronchodilator Treatment

When it comes to treating teens and adults with persistent asthma, using a single corticosteroid and long-acting bronchodilator treatment for both daily asthma control and for rescue relief during sudden asthma attacks is more effective than taking separate medications for daily control and rescue, according to an analysis led by University of Connecticut researchers. The findings appear in the Journal of the American Medical Association

Waning Vaccine-derived Immunity: Cause for Mumps Resurgence

According to a new analysis from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, a resurgence of mumps in the U.S. among vaccinated young adults appears to be due to the waning of vaccine-induced immunity.

Researchers found that vaccine-derived immune protection against mumps persists an average of about 27 years after the last dose. The findings suggest that, in addition to the currently recommended two doses of mumps vaccine in childhood, the third dose at age 18 or booster shots may help sustain protection among adults. The study is published in Science Translational Medicine.

Prostrate cancer: Wives Lives are Being Undermined by Their Husband’s Illness

Many wives of advanced prostate cancer sufferers feel that their lives are being undermined by their husband’s illness, with nearly half reporting that their own health suffered. In addition, a focus subgroup has revealed that many feel isolated and fearful, and worry about the role change in their lives as their husband’s cancer advances.

This study, developed with the wives of men with metastatic prostate cancer who were being treated with hormone therapy, is amongst the first carried out on how prostate cancer affects the partners of sufferers.  It was presented yesterday at the EAU conference in Copenhagen.