All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Designer Immune Cells To Treat Leukemia

Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy has produced some dramatic responses in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but the responses have been less spectacular in other hematologic malignancies, and they have been disappointing in solid tumors.

Target Genes For EBV Related Cancer Identified

VCU Massey Cancer Center has identified two genes that might be responsible for the replication of the Epstein-Barr virus, an infection that drives the growth of several types of cancer. The discovery could lead to the novel therapies for cancer.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Is A Lethal Disease In Humans

In this study, researchers examined the lethal disease in humans , Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a lethal disease in humans, caused by a coronavirus (MERS-CoV). It was first identified in man in 2012, in the Arabian Peninsula. The main MERS-CoV reservoir species is the dromedary, which is found in large numbers in many African countries. The study was published in the journal PNAS .

Non-Communicable Disease: Preparedness for Delivering Services in Primary Care

The mixed-methods study of a health system intervention for improving equitable access to medicines for diabetes and hypertension in Karnataka carried out from 2013 to 2016. Researchers use the Access to  Medicines framework developed by Bigdeli et al. to assess health system preparedness for addressing diabetes and hypertension at the primary health center (PHC) level in a south Indian district.

They do this through an assessment of supply and demand side factors that influence utilization of services at government PHCs for diabetes and hypertension using data from quantitative surveys, focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews.

Cervical Cancer Prevention Improved Using Implementation Science

While cervical cancer has significantly decreased in the U.S., it is still the second most common cancer in women who live in less developed countries, according to the WHO. Women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have the largest age-standardized incidence and mortality rates of this potentially preventable and non-communicable disease due to the difficulty in implementing prevention, screening, and treatment programs.

Role of Antenatal MMN Supplementation in Children’s Cognitive Function

Researchers aimed to follow up children whose mothers took part in a trial of antenatal supplementation conducted in Nepal between 2002 and 2004. The trial tested the effect of the United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation (UNIMMAP), which contains 15 vitamins and minerals, versus IFA only.

Researchers followed up children born during the trial to determine whether those exposed to antenatal MMN supplementation had a higher IQ at 12 years compared with those exposed to IFA only.