Researchers from the Institut Pasteur-CNRS has identified a Staphylococcus aureus gene involved in virulence, biofilm formation and resistance to certain antibiotics. The study results, published in the journal PLoS Pathogens, sheds light on how to manage the S. aureus virulence mechanisms.
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Several significant programmes under the National Health Mission (NHM) are likely to be impacted because of a shortfall of funds in 2018-19. The ministry of health and family welfare got an allocation of only Rs30,129.61 crore for 2018-19 against a projected plan outlay of Rs34,882.32 crore under NHM for the current year. The deficit of around Rs4,752.71 crore may affect a range of activities under the mission such as upgradation of hospitals, expansion of the vaccines programme and implementing interventions for non-communicable diseases.
Excess body weight has been linked to poor academic performance in children in several previous studies. A new Finnish study now shows that a high body fat percentage is associated with poor reading skills in 6-8-year-old boys. However, these associations are largely explained by poor motor skills.
A new University of Michigan study suggests patients at risk for HIV need to be linked to services—such as mental health and syringe exchange programs—that will help them stay in care, adhere to medication and avoid reinfection. The findings appear in Health Education & Behavior.
More people miss their hospital appointments when the clocks go forward in the U.K., according to a study by the University of York and Lancaster University. Figures show there is a 5% increase in missed appointments when the clocks change in the spring.
People's willingness to use a Zika vaccine when it is available will be influenced by how they weigh the risks associated with the disease and the vaccine, but also by their misconceptions about other vaccines, a new study has found.
By tagging bone marrow cells of mice with a genetic label, or barcode, researchers were able to track and describe the family tree of individual blood cells as they form in their natural environment.
The scientists discovered that these cells regenerate differently than their counterparts do after a blood cell transplant, according to a study published in Nature and funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health.
Researchers discover genes associated with the major depressive disorder (MDD) are altered in opposite directions in males compared to females, according to a new brain autopsy study.
The findings, published in Biological Psychiatry, suggest that there is a need for gender-specific treatment for depression.
Men with type 2 diabetes are less likely to develop prostate cancer than patients without diabetes. However, the mortality rate is higher. Researchers were able to show that in the affected individuals the androgen receptor and the mitogenic forms of the insulin receptor were more strongly expressed. This could explain why patients with diabetes have a poorer prognosis for prostate cancer. The current results were published in the journals Molecular Metabolism and Endocrine Related Cancer.
A new study, published in the British Journal of the General Practice, shows that point-of-care test known as Flexicult does not lead clinicians to change antibiotic prescription rates in women with urinary tract infections following their diagnosis.
While deployed in combat zones, U.S. armed forces prepare for the rigors of combat and stay in peak condition by lifting weights during intense and demanding workouts.